Flashcards in Book 1 Italy 1796-1832 Deck (40)
Who invaded Italy in 1796?
How many states was Italy divided into under the Napoleon?
What was the name of French law instituted across Italy?
What flag did Napoleon introduce to Italy?
How did the French encourage Italian nationalism through the military?
Whose land was sold off to the professional classes in Italy?
Roman Catholic Church
Who were the Carbonari?
Anti-French Nationalist movement
Who aided the British in Napoleon's final defeat at Waterloo?
What year was Napoleon finally defeated?
What was the meeting in 1815 that redistributed Europe after Napoleon's defeat?
Congress of Vienna
Which states did Austria directly control?
Lombardy and Venetia
What royal family was given control of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies?
Modena, Tuscany and which state were made into duchies under Austrian influence?
Which state remained independent from Austria?
Who ran the Papal States?
Pope and Catholic Church
What types of governments were most Italian States in 1815?
Returning to the ways of the past.
Define Nationalism in 1820.
People of the same race, language, geography, culture and or traditions should be united in an independent nation.
Define Liberalism in 1820.
People have some say in government.
Define Radicalism in 1820.
Use of violence to achieve aims.
Who was the Austrian premier determined to destroy nationalism and liberalism?
Clemens von Metternich
What is a Zealot?
Hard line Pope
Define constitutional monarchy.
The monarchy retains their role but is answerable to the people.
No monarch. People have the right to vote for an elected leader.
To conserve key features, but undergo moderate reform.
What is a federation?
Where states join together with a common leadership, but retain some state freedoms.
Who were the Federati?
Northern secret society led by a Milanese nobleman, Federico Confalonieri. Anti-Austrian and favoured a constitutional government.
Name the secret society in the Papal States that were anti Austrian and anti-papacy.
Spillo Negro (Black Pin)
The trigger for revolutions in 1830, was Charles X abdication in France. Who replaced him?