Book 3 Italy 1860 Garibaldi & the South Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Book 3 Italy 1860 Garibaldi & the South Deck (25)
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1

Define to annex.

To take over and unite with another piece of land.

2

Who were the Garibaldini?

Garibaldi's Red Shirt volunteer army.

3

Where was Garibaldi born?

Nice

4

Who did Garibaldi meet in France in the 1830s and who influenced his political ideas?

Mazzini

5

Where did Garibaldi learn guerrilla warfare as part of a rebel army?

Uruguay vs Argentina

6

Why was it surprising that Garibaldi offered his services to Charles Albert in 1848?

Garibaldi was a republican.

7

Where was Garibaldi instrumental in the 1848-9 Revolutions?

Roman Republic

8

What did Garibaldi offer his men if they followed his escape from Rome in 1849?

Hunger, thirst, forced marches, battles and death'

9

Who invited Garibaldi to discuss plans for war with Austria in 1859?

Cavour

10

What was the northern campaign Garibaldi waged in the Second War of Independence?

Alpine Campaign

11

How was Garibaldi betrayed by the Treaty of Villafranca?

His hometown of Nice was given to France

12

Rather than attack France, Mazzini convinced Garibaldi support a Young Italy uprising where?

Sicily

13

What were Garibaldi's volunteers called in this campaign?

The Thousand

14

Why was Cavour reluctant to support Garibaldi? (Two reasons)

Cavour did not want to upset the French and was could not see the advantage of unifying with the poor south

15

Why didn't Cavour stop Garibaldi's campaign in the South?

Garibaldi was too popular with the people.

16

Garibaldi, with growing local support, defeated which army in the Sicily?

Neapolitan (Naples)

17

Why did Cavour suppress some peasant revolts in Sicily?

Garibaldi wanted to stabilise Sicily so that he could invade the mainland

18

Cavour was too slow to stop Garibaldi, when did Garibaldi take Naples?

September 1860

19

What did 'Rome or death' mean?

Garibaldi's commitment to take Rome for Italy

20

How many men did Garibaldi have to march on the Papal States?

60,000

21

How did Cavour stop Garibaldi?

Piedmontese army and Victor Emmanuel intercepted Garibaldi, Garibaldi agreed to their terms.

22

Who was the first 'King of Italy'?

Victor Emmanuel II

23

How did Cavour justify annexing the South?

Plebiscites

24

Garibaldi retired to Caprera, why was he disappointed with Italy?

No Rome

25

What was missing from Italian unification in 1861?

Rome and Venetia