C2-C6 ex. 1 QQ Flashcards Preview

Spinal Anatomy Palmer > C2-C6 ex. 1 QQ > Flashcards

Flashcards in C2-C6 ex. 1 QQ Deck (29):
1

what lies on the upper surface of the pedicle of C2?

superior articular process

2

what is the location of the superior vertebral notch of C2?

on the lamina-pedicle junction

3

what feature is identified on the lower surface of the pedicle of C2?

the inferior vertebral notch or inferior vertebral incisure

4

what osseous parts of the typical cervical transverse process are present at C2?

costal element
posterior tubercle
true transverse process

5

what is the characteristic appearance of the C2 spinous process in humans?

it is bifid

6

what are the modifications of the superior epiphyseal rim of a typical cervical?

anterior groove
posterior groove
right and left uncinate processes

7

what are the modifications of the inferior epiphyseal rim of a typical cervical?

anterior lip
posterior lip
right and left lateral grooves

8

what attaches to the posterolateral margin and in the center of a typical cervical body?

the pedicle

9

what surface feature is located at the upper margin of the pedicle?

superior vertebral notch

10

what surface feature is located at the lower margin of the pedicle?

inferior vertebral notch

11

what bony feature is attached to the posterior end of the pedicle?

the articular pillar

12

what is located at the top of the articular pillar?

the superior articular process

13

the superior articular process will provide support for which bone feature?

the superior articular facet

14

what is located at the bottom of the articular pillar?

inferior articular process

15

the inferior articular process will provide support for what bone feature?

inferior articular facet

16

what is the name of the surface feature observed between the ends of the articular pillar?

the groove/sulcus for the dorsal ramus of a cervical spinal nerve

17

what bone feature is attached to the posterior part of the articular pillar?

the lamina

18

what ligament attaches to the lamina of a typical cervical?

ligamentum flavum

19

ossification of the ligamentum flavum at the attachment site on the lamina will result in what feature?

para-articular processes

20

to what parts of the typical cervical vertebra is the transverse process attached?

the vertebral body and the articular pillar

21

list in order the osseous parts of the typical cervical vertebra transverse process beginning at the vertebral body

costal element
anterior tubercle
costotransverse bar
posterior tubercle
true transverse process

22

what is the distal modification of the costal element of a typical cervical vertebra?

anterior tubercle

23

what is the distal modification of the true transverse process of typical cervicals?

posterior tubercle

24

what bony feature connects the anterior and posterior tubercles of a typical cervical transverse process?

costotransverse bar or intertubercular lamella

25

what is the name given to the superior margin of the costotransverse bar?

sulcus for the ventral primary ramus of a cervical spinal nerve

26

what is the name given to the modification of the anterior tubercle of the C6 transverse process?

the carotid tubercle

27

what is the usual condition for the caucasian typical cervical spinous process?

they are bifid

28

what is the usual condition for the african-american typical cervical spinous process?

they are non-bifid

29

what is the osseous modification at the distal end of the spinous process?

the spinous tubercle