vertebral column part 3 ex. 1 QQ Flashcards Preview

Spinal Anatomy Palmer > vertebral column part 3 ex. 1 QQ > Flashcards

Flashcards in vertebral column part 3 ex. 1 QQ Deck (27):
1

what is the name given to the anterior part of the vertebral arch?

pedicle

2

all lamina are oriented in what direction?

posterior and median

3

what is the name given to the overlap of laminae seen on x-ray?

shingling

4

what ligament will attach to the lamina?

ligamentum flavum

5

what is the name given to abnormal bone at the attachment site of the ligamentum flavum?

para-articular process

6

what classification of bone will para-articular processes represent?

accessory bone

7

what is the name given to the lamina- pedicle junction at each region of the spine?

cervical- articular pillar
thoracic and lumbar- pars interarticularis

8

what is the name given to the junction of the vertebral arch- spinous process on lateral x-ray?

spinolaminar junction

9

what is the name given to the tubular bone growth regions of the vertebral arch?

apophyseal regions

10

what are the names given to each apophysis of the spine?

transverse apophysis or transverse process
articular apophysis or articular process
spinous apophysis or spinous process

11

what is the generic orientation of the transverse process or transverse apophysis at each region of the spine?

cervical- anterolateral
thoracic- posterolateral
lumbar- lateral

12

all non-rib bearing vertebra of the spine retain what equivalent feature?

the costal element

13

what will cause the transverse process/ apophysis to alter in its initial direction in the cervical region?

cervical spinal nerves are pulled forward and downward to form the cervical and brachial nerve plexuses thus remodeling the transverse process to accommodate their new position

14

what will cause the transverse process/apophysis to alter its initial direction in the thoracic region?

the growth of the lungs remodel the shape of the ribs which in turn push the transverse processes backward

15

what is the name given to the joint formed between articular facets of a vertebral couple?

zygapophysis

16

what is the name given to the bone surface at the front of a zygapophysis?

superior articular facet

17

what is the name given to the bone surface at the back of a zygapophysis?

inferior articular facet

18

in the vertebral couple, the part of the vertebra which lies anterior to the zygapophysis is called the?

pre-zygapophysis

19

in the vertebral couple, the part of the vertebra which lies posterior to the zygapophysis is called the?

post-zygapophysis

20

what is the name given to the part of the vertebra forming the pre-zygapophysis?

superior articular process or apophysis

21

what is the name given to the part of the vertebra forming the post-zygapophysis?

inferior articular process or apophysis

22

what will form the posterior boundary of a typical intervertebral foramen?

inferior articular process/post- zygapophysis
superior articular process/ pre-zygapophysis
capsular ligament
ligamentum flavum

23

what will form the anterior boundary of a typical intervertebral foramen?

vertebral body of the segment above
vertebral body of segment below
intervertebral disc
PLL

24

what is the method of calculating the angle of the spinous process/ apophysis?

calculate the angle formed between the undersurface of the spinous process/ apophysis and the horizontal plane

25

what is the name given to the normal overlap of spinous processes or spinous apophyses as seen on x-ray?

imbrication

26

what is the name given to the round elevation at the tip of the spinous process?

spinous tubercle

27

what is the orientation of the spinous process at each region of the spine?

cervical- slight angle inferior
thoracic- noticeable angle inferior
lumbar- no angle