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GCSE Geography Case Studies > Cambridge Science Park > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cambridge Science Park Deck (20)
1

How many businesses are at Cambridge science park?

1400 businesses

2

How many jobs are at Cambridge science park?

Over 40,000 jobs

3

Name 3 location factors for Cambridge science park

•in conjunction with Cambridge university, trinity college to help with research and use their facilities
•pleasant places to live and work
•easy access to londons 4 airports

4

Name londons 4 airports

•Gatwick
•Heathrow
•Stanstead
•Luton

5

Why is the CBD not the best location for the science park?

There's a lot of congestion and easier access to the M11 outside of town

6

Name 3 reasons why locating a science park on the outside of town is better than in the CBD

•better transport links and less congestion
•cheaper land on the edge of the town and there's more room for expansion
•safer place for children to live and nicer for parents too

7

Name 5 features of Cambridge science parks location

•adjacent to trinity college of Cambridge university
•good link to the M11
•lower land value than in London city centre
•more room for expansion
•landscaped with gardens and lakes etc

8

What year did Cambridge science park open?

1972

9

What caused agglomeration economies in Cambridge science park?

The success of the early firms

10

What are agglomeration economies?

Clustered economies, the same type of business working together

11

By 2012, how many companies were there and how many people did they employ in total?

1400 businesses employed over 40,000 people

12

In what year did Cambridge science park reach 1400 businesses and over 40,000 employees?

2012

13

Why are transport costs for products made at Cambridge science park low?

They are very small in bulk but high in value, ex. Computers

14

Why are transport costs of the raw materials to Cambridge science park very low?

The raw materials are lightweight, ex. Silicon chips

15

Why is Cambridge science park good for UK economy?

Tax incomes from the skilled workers and businesses helps grow the economy

16

What type of employees are needed at Cambridge science park?

Highly skilled and qualified employees (quaternary)

17

In which direction is Cambridge science park from the city centre?

North East

18

Why are there no high rise, high density buildings at Cambridge science park?

They are too expensive to build in the space, land value is cheaper than building high rise buildings

19

How long does it take to get to London from Cambridge science park via train?

1 hour

20

Name the 3 main industries at Cambridge Science Park and their percentages

•science equipment manufacturing (38%)
•electronics (30%)
•pharmaceuticals (22%)