The Golden Triangle Flashcards Preview

GCSE Geography Case Studies > The Golden Triangle > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Golden Triangle Deck (31)
1

Where is Caatinga found?

In Campina Grande in the East of Brazil

2

How much rain is found in Caatinga per month?

Only 80mm

3

How many months is Caatinga in drought?

6-11 months per year

4

What is the average temperature in Caatinga?

23.5-29.5

5

Describe the Eco system in Caatinga

Not diverse, unlike the Atlantic or Amazon rainforests

6

What kind of quality of life is there in Caatinga and why?

Low QOL due to low crop production caused by drought

7

Name the 3 areas in the golden triangle

•Belo Horizonte
•Rio de Janeiro
•Sao Paulo

8

Where is the golden triangle in Brazil?

The south east

9

Name 5 push factors for migration from Caatinga to the golden triangle

•drought
•poorly paid jobs
•too hot
•not very bio diverse
•bad education

10

Name 3 pull factors for migration from Caatinga to the golden triangle

•better job opportunities
•better education
•better pay

11

Name a place where people move from to the golden triangle

Caatinga

12

What are shanty towns?

Illegal settlements where people live usually on the outskirts of cities

13

Name 5 features of shanty towns

•disease is common
•no gas or electricity
•no sewage so waste floats in the road
•made of dirt, straw, mud and other scrap materials
•jobs are only temporary and low paid

14

Name a shanty town in the golden triangle

Rocinha, in Rio de Janeiro

15

When did rocinha start developing?

1960's

16

When was rocinha made?

1940's

17

What stage of a slum is rocinha?

Stage 4

18

How are the facilities in rocinha?

•running water
•good bathroom facilities
•streetlights
•lower levels of crime

19

How many people live in rocinha?

200,000

20

Why is rocinha so populated?

It's so populated because as its close to the city many people have jobs in the city

21

Why are poverty levels lower in rocinha than other slums?

Most of them have jobs so can afford food

22

What is the self help scheme?

Where groups of people work together to build or improve their own homes. Local authorities provide the materials and the group provides the labour

23

Name 3 advantages to the self help scheme

•can be done in stages
•creates community spirit
•relatively cheap so more houses can be provided

24

Name 5 features of a self help house

•underground sewage
•electricity wires
•water tank
•concrete floor
•roofing tiles

25

Name 5 impacts of the self help scheme

•their quality of life will improve as it teaches the inhabitants to be independent
•they don't have to pay labourers as they are doing the work themselves
•encourages community spirit and a caring environment
•diseases become less common as the slums are developing
•death rate will decrease as hygiene is better

26

How many people have migrated to the golden triangle from Caatinga in the last 25 years?

20,000

27

Why is the fact that cities attract MNC's a pull factor for migration?

Cities attract MNC's so therefore many new jobs will be created which entice people to that area

28

Name 2 positive impacts on the people of the source area for migration

•they have a choice of land to farm
•they can have money sent back home

29

Name 2 negative impacts on the people of the source area for migration

•only the young and elderly dependant left who can't fend for themselves
•because the economically active migrate, there is a decline in the produce so there's less supplies

30

Name 2 solutions for the source area for migration

•self help schemes
•redeveloping the favelas

31

What is a favela?

A Brazilian slum within an urban area