Flashcards in The Golden Triangle Deck (31)
Where is Caatinga found?
In Campina Grande in the East of Brazil
How much rain is found in Caatinga per month?
How many months is Caatinga in drought?
6-11 months per year
What is the average temperature in Caatinga?
Describe the Eco system in Caatinga
Not diverse, unlike the Atlantic or Amazon rainforests
What kind of quality of life is there in Caatinga and why?
Low QOL due to low crop production caused by drought
Name the 3 areas in the golden triangle
•Rio de Janeiro
Where is the golden triangle in Brazil?
The south east
Name 5 push factors for migration from Caatinga to the golden triangle
•poorly paid jobs
•not very bio diverse
Name 3 pull factors for migration from Caatinga to the golden triangle
•better job opportunities
Name a place where people move from to the golden triangle
What are shanty towns?
Illegal settlements where people live usually on the outskirts of cities
Name 5 features of shanty towns
•disease is common
•no gas or electricity
•no sewage so waste floats in the road
•made of dirt, straw, mud and other scrap materials
•jobs are only temporary and low paid
Name a shanty town in the golden triangle
Rocinha, in Rio de Janeiro
When did rocinha start developing?
When was rocinha made?
What stage of a slum is rocinha?
How are the facilities in rocinha?
•good bathroom facilities
•lower levels of crime
How many people live in rocinha?
Why is rocinha so populated?
It's so populated because as its close to the city many people have jobs in the city
Why are poverty levels lower in rocinha than other slums?
Most of them have jobs so can afford food
What is the self help scheme?
Where groups of people work together to build or improve their own homes. Local authorities provide the materials and the group provides the labour
Name 3 advantages to the self help scheme
•can be done in stages
•creates community spirit
•relatively cheap so more houses can be provided
Name 5 features of a self help house
Name 5 impacts of the self help scheme
•their quality of life will improve as it teaches the inhabitants to be independent
•they don't have to pay labourers as they are doing the work themselves
•encourages community spirit and a caring environment
•diseases become less common as the slums are developing
•death rate will decrease as hygiene is better
How many people have migrated to the golden triangle from Caatinga in the last 25 years?
Why is the fact that cities attract MNC's a pull factor for migration?
Cities attract MNC's so therefore many new jobs will be created which entice people to that area
Name 2 positive impacts on the people of the source area for migration
•they have a choice of land to farm
•they can have money sent back home
Name 2 negative impacts on the people of the source area for migration
•only the young and elderly dependant left who can't fend for themselves
•because the economically active migrate, there is a decline in the produce so there's less supplies
Name 2 solutions for the source area for migration
•self help schemes
•redeveloping the favelas