Haiti Earthquake Flashcards Preview

GCSE Geography Case Studies > Haiti Earthquake > Flashcards

Flashcards in Haiti Earthquake Deck (44)
1

Where is Haiti located? Who does it share its border with?

In the Caribbean, sharing its border with the Dominican Republic

2

How many commercial buildings were collapsed as a result of the earthquake?

30,000

3

What is Haitis gdp per capita?

$1200

4

What is Haitis hdi ranking?

Ranking 145th in the world

5

What is Haitis hdi?

0.4

6

What % of Haitis population live below the poverty line?

80%

7

What is Haitis population?

9.7 million

8

When did the earthquake happen?

12th January 2010 at 4.53pm

9

What was the magnitude of the earthquake on the Richter scale?

7.0

10

What is the plate boundary that the earthquake happened on?

Conservative

11

What is Haitis capital city?

Port Au Prince

12

Which plates meet at the plate boundary that caused the earthquake?

•Caribbean
•North American

13

How far away was the epicentre from the capital city?

10 miles southwest of the capital city

14

How many after shocks were there?

33

15

How shallow was the focus?

8km

16

How many people died?

316,000 people died

17

How many people were made homeless?

Over 1 million

18

Name 2 buildings that collapsed

•shanty towns
•the presidential palace

19

When the prison collapsed, how many inmates escaped?

4000

20

How many schools were damaged?

13,000

21

How many people were unemployed?

1/5

22

How many people in total were affected?

3 million

23

Name 3 primary impacts

•30,000 commercial buildings collapsed

•port, airport and roads were damaged beyond repair

•316,000 people died

24

Why did so many buildings collapse?

Haiti is an ledc so few of their buildings were built with earthquakes in mind

25

Name 3 secondary impacts

•over 1 million people were left homeless

•dead people in the streets caused a spread of disease

•1/5 people lost their jobs

26

Why was it hard to rebuild Haitis economy?

50% of population were under 16 so therefore couldn't work, less taxes were paid so the economy came to a standstill

27

Name a social impact of the earthquake

•316,000 people died

•1 million homeless even 1 year later

28

Name an economic impact of the earthquake

•1/5 people lost their jobs

•30,000 commercial buildings collapsed

29

Name an environmental impact of the earthquake

•sea levels rose in local areas

•some parts of the land sinking below the sea

30

Name 2 countries that responded quickly with aid for Haiti

•USA
•France

31

Why were the relief efforts slow?

•main airport damaged

•many roads were impassable

32

What % of government buildings collapsed?

60%

33

How much rubble was left after 2 years?

98%

34

How many homes were destroyed?

250,000

35

What did delays in aid lead to?

•angry appeals
•looting
•sporadic violence

36

Name the French charity that tried to help casualties

Medicines San Frontiers

37

What did USA take charge of?

Trying to coordinate aid distribution

38

How much money did the EU give to Haiti?

$330 million

39

What did the world bank do to help?

Waived Haitis debt of $1.2 billion

40

How many people were temporarily living in relief camps?

1.6 million

41

Describe 3 features of the relief camps

•no electricity
•no running water
•no sewage

42

What was still claiming lives 5 years after the earthquake?

Cholera outbreak

43

With 1 million still homeless one year later, which country offered support by accepting some refugees?

The Dominican Republic

44

How was the corruption of the government in Haiti exposed?

Only 2% of the $1.1 billion collected for Haiti relief efforts had been released