Flashcards in Chapter 16 Wildlife Management Deck (19)
the planned use, protection, and control of wildlife by the application of ecological principles.
what are consumptive activities on public lands?
hunting, fishing, trapping
what are non-consumptive uses on public lands
photography, bird watching, observation
species that are harvested for sport
majority of species not harvested, i.e., songbirds, rodents, amphibians, reptiles
the region where 2 different ecosystems come together also referred to as an edge. the greater the amount of edge, the greater the population densities of many species
is produced when creating to much edge, which is caused by humans when native vegetation is cleared for human activities such as agriculture, rural development, or urbanization.
allow wildlife populations to expand habitat availability. a narrow strip of land that differs usually in terms of dominant vegetation.
what are wildlife needs?
habitat, food, water, cover-shelter, breeding sites
the area in which an animal habitually travels while engaged in its usual activities. size of home range can be determined by marking, releasing and recapturing an animal
any defended area, against individuals of the same species
types of animal movements
dispersal of young, mass emigration, latitudinal and altitudinal migration
occurs with many birds and mammals who leave their nesting areas when juvenile and travel a great distance from their nesting sites. many move into marginal habitats increasing mortality due to predation and accidents
dispersal of young
the mass of movement of a given species from an area. i.e, the mass movement of the snowy owl from the tundra to the US during periods of lemming scarcity
the north south migration characteristics of caribou, gray whales, and many birds
seasonal movement of birds and mammals up and down slopes.
Managing habitat for Waterfowl
Regulating wildlife harvest
Limit tags for hunting