Chapter 16 Wildlife Management Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 16 Wildlife Management Deck (19)
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1

the planned use, protection, and control of wildlife by the application of ecological principles.

wildlife management

2

what are consumptive activities on public lands?

hunting, fishing, trapping

3

what are non-consumptive uses on public lands

photography, bird watching, observation

4

species that are harvested for sport

game animals

5

majority of species not harvested, i.e., songbirds, rodents, amphibians, reptiles

non-game animals

6

the region where 2 different ecosystems come together also referred to as an edge. the greater the amount of edge, the greater the population densities of many species

ecotone

7

is produced when creating to much edge, which is caused by humans when native vegetation is cleared for human activities such as agriculture, rural development, or urbanization.

habitat fragmentation

8

allow wildlife populations to expand habitat availability. a narrow strip of land that differs usually in terms of dominant vegetation.

corridors

9

what are wildlife needs?

habitat, food, water, cover-shelter, breeding sites

10

the area in which an animal habitually travels while engaged in its usual activities. size of home range can be determined by marking, releasing and recapturing an animal

home range

11

any defended area, against individuals of the same species

territory

12

types of animal movements

dispersal of young, mass emigration, latitudinal and altitudinal migration

13

occurs with many birds and mammals who leave their nesting areas when juvenile and travel a great distance from their nesting sites. many move into marginal habitats increasing mortality due to predation and accidents

dispersal of young

14

the mass of movement of a given species from an area. i.e, the mass movement of the snowy owl from the tundra to the US during periods of lemming scarcity

mass emigration

15

the north south migration characteristics of caribou, gray whales, and many birds

latitudinal migration

16

seasonal movement of birds and mammals up and down slopes.

altitudinal migration

17

Managing habitat for Waterfowl

Marsh openings

Artificial ponds

Artificial islands

Wildlife Refuges

18

Regulating wildlife harvest

Limit tags for hunting

Bag limits

Licensing

Wildlife Pests


19

Agencies that manage Wildlife

US Fish and Wildlife Service
National Park Service
US Forest Service
Bureau of Land Management
National Marine Fisheries Service