Flashcards in H&N 9.1 Oral cavity and tongue. Deck (44)
How does the submandibular gland secrete into the oral cavity?
Via Whartons duct, which opens underneath the tongue.
How does the sublingual gland secrete into the oral cavity?
Via many different ducts into the base of the mouth
Which salivary glands are most likely to form stones and why?
Submandibular, because they produce thicker saliva (serous and mucus, as opposed to parotid whihc produces only serous saliva)
How would a salivary stone present?
pain and/or swelling at meal times (When saliva gets produced more)
May be able to see a whartons duct stone
How are salivary stones treated?
-small ones may resolve on their own
-larger ones will need surgical removal
What tissues make up Waldeyer's ring?
All made of lymphoid tissue
What is tonsilitis?
Inflammation of the palatine tonsil
(known by lay people simply as 'tonsil')
What signs/symptoms are associated with tonsilits?
What commonly causes tonsillitis?
usually due to infection:
Viral- rhinovirus, adenovirus
Bacterial- beta-haemolytic strep.
What are some features of viral tonsilitis?
-a dry cough
-symptoms of URTI (rhinnorrhoea, congestion, sore throat, headache)
What are some features of bacterial tonsilitis?
-exudate on tonsils
-absence of a cough
What is a severe complication of tonsilitis?
What causes this?
Peritonsilar abscess- Quinsy.
Usually strep pyrogens.
What are some signs/symptoms of a quinsy?
-deviated uvula (because unilateral)
-loss of palatoglossal arch
-hot potato voice