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Flashcards in Ligament Quiz Questions Deck (66)
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1

What ligaments are present at the occipito-axial joint?

the apical ligament of the dens/apicodental ligament, alar ligament and membrana tectoria/tectorial membrane

2

What is the embryonic derivative of the apicodental ligament?

the notchord

3

What is the function of the alar ligament?

together they function to resist axial rotation

4

What forms the cranial continuation of the posterior longitudinal ligament?

the membrana tectoria or tectorial membrane?

5

What are the attachment sites for the superficial layer of the membrana tectoria?

the posterior part of the inferior epiphyseal rim and vertebral body of C2 to the capsular ligament of the atlanto-occipital joint and cranial dura of the posterior cranial fossa

6

What are the attachment sites for the deep layer of the membrana tectoria?

the posterior part of the inferior epiphyseal rim and vertebral body of C2 to the periosteum behind the cruciate ligament attachment site on the anterior rim of the foramen magnum

7

For the cervical spine below C2, what is the range of flexion-extension?

about 90 degrees or about 18 degrees per couple

8

For the cervical spine below C2, what is the range of one side lateral bending?

about 50 degrees or about 10 degrees per couple

9

For the cervical spine below C2, what is the range of one side axial rotation?

about 33 degrees or about six degrees per couple

10

What are the locations for costovertebral joints on the vertebra?

the costocentral joint at the vertebral body and the costotransverse joint at the transverse process

11

Which costocentral ligament forms part of the anterior boundary of the intervertebral foramen?

the costocentral capsular ligament

12

The costocentral radiate/stellate ligament is identified with which joint classification?

fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis

13

An intra-articular ligament will be identified with which ribs?

ribs 2-9

14

What are the attaching surfaces of the intra-articular ligament?

the intra-articular crest of the head of the rib and the intervertebral disc

15

Which vertebrae will have a synovial plane (diarthrosis arthrodia) costotransverse joint?

Typically T1-T10

16

What are the accessory ligaments of the costotransverse joint?

the superior costotransverse ligament, the inferior costotransverse ligament, and the lateral costotransverse ligament

17

At what rib will the superior costotransverse ligament be absent?

The first rib

18

What ligaments will attach to the neck of the twelfth rib?

the superior costotransverse ligament from T11 and the lumbocostal ligament from L1

19

What are the attachment sites for the lumbocostal ligament?

the neck of the twelfth rib and the transverse process of L1

20

What is the function of the superior costotransverse ligament?

limitation of lateral bending or maintaining lateral stability

21

What are the attachment sites for the inferior costotransverse ligament?

the neck of the rib and the transverse process of the vertebra at that level

22

Which vertebrae will have an attachment for the inferior costotransverse ligament?

T1-T11

23

At what rib will the inferior costotransverse ligament be absent?

the twelfth rib

24

What is the name of the space between the transverse process and the neck of the rib?

the costotransverse foramen

25

Which ligament "fills" the costotransverse foramen?

the inferior costotransverse ligament

26

What are the attachment sites for the lateral costotransverse ligament?

the non-articular surface of the tubercle of the rib and the transverse tubercle of the transverse process of the vertebra at that level

27

Which vertebrae will have an attachment for the lateral costotransverse ligament?

T1-T11

28

Which vertebra will lack an attachment for the lateral costotransverse ligament?

T12

29

Which vertebral couples of the thoracic spine have the greatest motion?

T11/T12 and T12/L1

30

Which range of motion is greatest for lower thoracic vertebral couples?

flexion-extension