Flashcards in MSK non-clinical Deck (138)
What is another name for a coronal section?
What is another name for a transverse section?
What makes up the axial skeleton?
What makes up the appendicular skeleton?
Name two dorsal body cavities
Name 3 ventral body cavities
Is the top of the foot dorsal or ventral?
Is the non-palmar surface of the hand dorsal or ventral?
If someone is lying in a supine position, how are they lying?
Lying face up
If someone is lying in a prone position, how are they lying?
Lying face down
What is a special movement of the shoulder joint?
Describe the movement of the radius during pronation
The radius in the anatomical position is lateral to the ulnar at both the elbow and the wrist. During pronation the distal part of the radius crosses the ulnar superiorly to become medial at the wrist
List the movements that the shoulder can make
List the movements of the elbow and forearm
List the movements of the hand
Ulnar deviation (adduction)
Radial deviation (abduction)
Describe flexion and extension of the wrist
Flexion is when you decrease the angle between the palmar surface of your hand and anterior forearm. Extension is when you increase that angle
List the movements of the fingers
Flexion and extension at metocarpalpharyngeal (MCP)
Flexion and extension at interpharngeal joints (PIP) and (DIP)
List the movements of the thumb
Palmar abduction-adduction (same plane)
Flexion-extension-radial abduction (same plane)
List the movements of the hip
List the movements of the knee
List the movements of the ankle
Inversion - plantar surface faces inwards (more common)
Eversion - plantar surface faces outwards
Which Rami (division of the spinal nerve) forms the brachial plexus?
What does the posterior Rami of the spinal nerves innervate at the levels (C5-T1)?
Local structures - does not form part of the brachial plexus
Where in the brachial plexus does the nerves leave the neck and enter the axilla?
What are the cords named in relation to?
Named due to their relation with the axillary artery
What is the apex border of the axillary region?
Lateral border of the first rib
Superior border of the scapula
What is the lateral border of the axillary region?
Intertubecular groove of the humerus
What is the medial border of the axillary region?
Serratus anterior and the thoracic wall (including costal muscles)
What is the anterior border of the axillary region?
Pectoralis major and minor