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Flashcards in MSK non-clinical Deck (138)
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1

What is another name for a coronal section?

Frontal section

2

What is another name for a transverse section?

Axial section

3

What makes up the axial skeleton?

Skull
Vertebrae
Sternum
Ribs

4

What makes up the appendicular skeleton?

Upper limb
Lower limb
Pelvis
Scapula
Clavicle

5

Name two dorsal body cavities

Spinal cavity
Cranial cavity

6

Name 3 ventral body cavities

Thoracic cavity
Abdominal cavity
Pelvic cavity

7

Is the top of the foot dorsal or ventral?

Dorsal

8

Is the non-palmar surface of the hand dorsal or ventral?

Dorsal

9

If someone is lying in a supine position, how are they lying?

Lying face up

10

If someone is lying in a prone position, how are they lying?

Lying face down

11

What is a special movement of the shoulder joint?

Circumduction

12

Describe the movement of the radius during pronation

The radius in the anatomical position is lateral to the ulnar at both the elbow and the wrist. During pronation the distal part of the radius crosses the ulnar superiorly to become medial at the wrist

13

List the movements that the shoulder can make

Abduction
Adduction
Extension
Flexion
Circumduction
Medial rotation
Lateral rotation

14

List the movements of the elbow and forearm

Flexion
Extension
Pronation
Supination

15

List the movements of the hand

Ulnar deviation (adduction)
Radial deviation (abduction)
Flexion
Extension

16

Describe flexion and extension of the wrist

Flexion is when you decrease the angle between the palmar surface of your hand and anterior forearm. Extension is when you increase that angle

17

List the movements of the fingers

Abduction
Adduction
Flexion and extension at metocarpalpharyngeal (MCP)
Flexion and extension at interpharngeal joints (PIP) and (DIP)

18

List the movements of the thumb

Palmar abduction-adduction (same plane)
Flexion-extension-radial abduction (same plane)
Opposition-reposition

19

List the movements of the hip

Flexion
Extension
Abduction
Adduction
Internal rotation
External rotation

20

List the movements of the knee

Flexion
Extension

21

List the movements of the ankle

Dorsiflexion
Plantarflexion
Inversion - plantar surface faces inwards (more common)
Eversion - plantar surface faces outwards

22

Which Rami (division of the spinal nerve) forms the brachial plexus?

Anterior Rami

23

What does the posterior Rami of the spinal nerves innervate at the levels (C5-T1)?

Local structures - does not form part of the brachial plexus

24

Where in the brachial plexus does the nerves leave the neck and enter the axilla?

Division

25

What are the cords named in relation to?

Named due to their relation with the axillary artery

26

What is the apex border of the axillary region?

Lateral border of the first rib
Superior border of the scapula
Posterior clavicle

27

What is the lateral border of the axillary region?

Intertubecular groove of the humerus

28

What is the medial border of the axillary region?

Serratus anterior and the thoracic wall (including costal muscles)

29

What is the anterior border of the axillary region?

Pectoralis major and minor
Subclavius muscle

30

What is the posterior border of the axillary region?

Subscapularis
Teres Major
Latissimus dorsi