Flashcards in Ortoski: High-yield Stuff Deck (98)
Geography associated with HIV?
More men or women, which race?
Men more than women, African American predominance
Top 3 modes of acquisition of HIV?
1. M to M sexual contact
Around what time was there more treatment, so fewer cases of HIV?
Since HIV causes inflammation, what are 2 areas of issue?
Cardiac and cancer
HIV is the BLANK leading cause of death currently
6th- Used to be leading in early 90s in the 25-45 age group
Reducing viral load reduces what?
Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor
Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor
d4t, ddl, ddc, AZT
Does AZT have a lot of SE?
Lowest CD4 count ever
No prior drug exposure
Found in minority- not detectable
Below level of detection- less than 20
Where is HIV 1 found?
Where is HIV 2 found?
Africa- Less easily transmitted
Major group worldwide
How many subgroups or clades?
Group M Subgroup B
Americas, Japan, Austrailia, Carribean, Europe
Group M Subgroup C
S. Africa, India
Typical transmission modes?
2. Vertical (mother to child)
4. IV drug use
If mother's viral load is undetectable, is it less likely to transfer to fetus?
1. 3+ nights in prison
3. Other STD
What should be emphasize?
Routine voluntary testing
What test is the best and confidental?
What is needed for a + result?
2 ELISA screening followed by 1 Western Blot for CONFIRMATION