Osteoarthritis Flashcards Preview

OSCE Conditions > Osteoarthritis > Flashcards

Flashcards in Osteoarthritis Deck (6):
1

Symptoms of osteoarthritis

Deep, achy joint pain - worse after prolonged use
Joint stiffness during rest, swelling, tenderness

2

Signs of osteoarthritis

Crepitus
Reduced range of movement

3

Pathophysiology of osteoarthritis

Progressive degeneration of the articulate cartilage, leads to a narrowed joint space and mechanical grinding of the bones.

Occurs in larger joints eg. Hip and knee, and small joints of hands.

4

Risk factors for osteoarthritis

Age
Obesity
Post menopause in women

5

Investigation of osteoarthritis

X-Rays: show narrowed joint space, bony sclerosis and cyst formation

6

Management of osteoarthritis

Lifestyle advice: regular gentle exercise eg. Swimming/cycling, weight loss, physical therapy

NSAIDs, paracetamol, opioids

Joint replacement surgery