Pathology of Pituitary and Endocrine Gland Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pathology of Pituitary and Endocrine Gland Deck (9)
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1

What is the anterior pituitary derived from?

Rathke’s pouch

2

What is secreted by the anterior pituitary?

trophic and non-trophic hormones
Trophic: TSH, ACTH, FSH, LH
Non-trophic: GH and Prolactin

3

What does the posterior pituitary consist of?

An extension of neural tissue consisting of modified glial cells and axonal processes

4

What does the posterior pituitary secrete?

ADH (vasopressin) and oxytocin

5

What syndrome can anterior pituitary adenoma be related to?

Werner syndrome (MEN1 gene)

6

What is the most common functional tumour of the pituitary?

prolactinoma

7

Does pituitary hypofunction affect individual hormones?

no rarely

8

What is Craniopharyngioma derived from?

remnants of Rathke’s pouch

9

What are symptoms of carniopharyngioma?

Headaches and visual disturbances
Children may have growth retardation