repro 3.1- puberty and the menopause Flashcards Preview

Skye's ESA 4 > repro 3.1- puberty and the menopause > Flashcards

Flashcards in repro 3.1- puberty and the menopause Deck (35)
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31

What happens to the bone in menopause?

decreased density by up to 2.5% per year, less oestrogen so less inhibition of osteoclast activity.

32

What can be given to relieve the symptoms of the menopause?

Hormone replacement therapy, oestrogen and progesterone

33

Why should most woen not take oestrogen only HRT?

if they have a uterus, oestrogen can act on receptors and cause excessive growth, which increases the risk of cancer.
Only women who have had a hysterectomy can take oesrogen on it's own.

34

How is HRT given?

Orally
topically

35

what are the main associated risks of HRT?

increased risk of breast cancer (and womb cancer in those who have had a hysterectomy).

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