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Flashcards in Test 2 #1 Deck (93):
1

normal wbc count

4-10 thousand/cubic mm

2

normal rbc count

4-5 million/cubic mm

3

normal hemoglobic

11.6-15g/dl

4

% of neutrophils

40-60%

5

% of Leukocytes

20-35%

6

% of Monocytes

2-10%

7

% of eiosinophils

1-6%

8

% of basophils

0.5-1%

9

characterized by Atypical lymphocytes and lymphocytic leukemia

lymphocytosis

10

Erythropoietin is produced by the kidney and controlled by what?

oxygen levels

11

size of rbc Micro vs Macrocytic

anisocytosis

12

sickle cell is considered _______ and ______

microcytic and drepanocyte

13

poikilo refers to

shape

14

tear drop is

myelofibrosis

15

always indicated splenectomy

Acantocytes

16

myelofibrosis poikilo

tear drops

17

only found in uremia

burr cels

18

genetic disorder produces spherocytes

hereditary spherocytosis

19

Basophilic inclusions indicate

ribosome aggregates

20

howard-jolly inclusions indicates

megaloblastic anemia

21

reticulocytes

immature rbcs

22

mean corpuscle volume=

average size of rbcs

23

normal range for corpuscle volume

80-99 F1 in normocytes

24

mean corpuscle size of hemoglobin

27-31 pg

25

total iron body capacity:

blood's ability to bind to transferrin

26

transferrin is produced in the

liver

27

Normal coagulation test is

3-6 minutes of bleeding time

28

Partial thromboplastin time refers to the

intrinsic pathway (hemophilia A and B)

29

Prothrombin time used the ____ pathways

extrinsic pathways

30

prothrombin time

11-13 seconds

31

activated clotting time heparin

95-120 seconds

32

immunoglobin light chain is produced by

neoplastic plasma cells (indicates cancer)

33

test for light chain immunoglobin

BJ protein test

34

CRAB is an acronym for

Multiple myelomaCalcium elevationRenal FailureAnemiaBone lesion

35

Schillings urine test determines _____ anemia

perinicous anemia

36

megaloblastic anemia

diet

37

Intrinsic factor

pernicious anemia

38

small intestine inflammation in Chrohns or celiac disease usually has

abnormal bacterial growth

39

pancreas not producing healthy bacteria and leads to pancreatitis

malabsorption syndrome

40

what gets absorbed in the distal illeum

B12

41

Uric acid are purine ______ and range from ____-____ /24 hours

nucleotides 250-750 mg/24 hours

42

elevated creatinine levels indicate

kidney pathology

43

what is BUN formed where?

blood, urea, nitrogen all formed in the liver

44

what does BUN measures kidney ____ and liver metabolic _____

excretion, function

45

high levels of BUN and creatinine=

azotemia

46

prerenal azotemia is associated with _____ and _____

cancer, starvation

47

Renal azotemia associated with _____ drugs that cause _____

nephrotic, acute glomerular toxicity

48

post renal azotemia

abnormal secretion of urine

49

what enzyme is at higher levels in the prostate

acid phosphatase

50

Biliary only

alkaline phosphatase

51

alkaline phosphatase is normal in (3)

teens, pregnant women, bone fractures

52

AST, SGOT

Aspartate Aminotransferase

53

ALP

alkaline phosphatase

54

ALT, SGPT

alanin aminotransferase

55

Biliary

ALP + GGT

56

Liver

AST + ALT + GGT

57

Pancreas

AST+ALT+GGT+Amylase+lipase

58

Gamma Glut Transpep

GGT

59

enzyme produces energy, responds to cell damage, delayed diagnosis of MI

lactate dehydrogenase - 5 isoenzyme

60

troponin I and T present in blood after __

MI

61

CPK in brain

BB

62

CPK in Heart

MB

63

CPK in skeletal muscle

MM`

64

3.5-5g/dl is normal for

albumins

65

responsible for oncotic pressure in vessels

albumins

66

responsible for immune reaction

globulins

67

ration of albumin to globulin

great than 1

68

lower normal blood proteins indicate_______ through malabsorption

glomerulonephritis

69

normal fasting glucose

70-100 mg/dl

70

100-125 mg/dl fasting glucose

pre diabetes

71

decreased fibrinogen is always present with

liver cirrhosis

72

high glucose can be associated with

cushing's disease

73

over 125 fasting glucose

diabetes

74

can be present in children under 16 y/o because of poor diet

serum ketones

75

makes cell membrane elastic

cholesterol

76

LDL range

77

HDL rance

>40 mg/dl

78

optimal LDL to HDL ratio

3.5:1

79

found in liver of baby and yolk sac

alpha fetoprotein

80

alpha fetoprotein found in pregnant women

10-130 mg/liter

81

alpha fetoprotein + amniocentesis is used to detect

Spina bifida

82

high levels of alpha fetoprotein can indicate _____ or _____ of the liver

cancer, cirrhosis

83

high levels of alpha fetoprotein (AP) before week 22 can indicate

Turner syndrome

84

low levels of AP may indicate

down syndrome

85

used to detect heart disease risk

c-reactive protein

86

produced in the liver and used to detect inflammation mainly

c-reactive protein

87

HIV confirmed with ______ test and _____ test

ELISA test and Western Blot

88

PCR polymerase

used to detect HIV especially in babies

89

HLA-B 27 found on ____ surface

WBC

90

Test used for those with joint issues such as ankylosing spondylitis

Bechterew

91

80% of RA cases have

rheumatoid factor against FC of IgG

92

characterized by liver damage

Reye syndrome

93

anti strep O should be less than ____ units in children and ___ units in adults

200, 400