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Flashcards in 6) Health Promotion Deck (21):
1

What are the determinants of health?

Physical
Social and economic
Individual genetics and behaviour

2

What are the 7 principles of health promotion?
(SEMHIPE)

Sustainable
Empowering
Multi-strategy
Holistic
Intersectoral
Participating
Equitable

3

What are the aims of Public Health England?

Empower local communities and unleash new evidence based ideas

4

What are the structural critiques of health promotion?

Neglects wider constraints on individual (social, political), too much emphasis on behaviour and victim blaming

5

What are the surveillance critiques of health promotion?

Monitoring and regulating population

6

What are the consumption critiques of health promotion?

Privileges the wealthy

7

What is the behaviour change approach to health promotion?

Advertisement, theories of health behaviour, help people to make a change e.g. ask, advise, act

8

What is the educational approach to health promotion?

Providing information about effects of a health related behaviour

9

What is the empowerment approach to health promotion?

Patient-centred, what they want to achieve/change

10

What is the social change approach to health promotion?

e.g. smoking ban. Tries to create a new social norm with negative behaviour being deviance from norm

11

What is primary prevention?
Give examples

Prevent onset of disease or injury by reducing exposure to risk factors
e.g. immunisation, education on how diseases spread

12

What is secondary prevention?
Give examples

Detect and treat a disease a early stage
e.g. screening

13

What is tertiary prevention?
Give examples

Minimise effects of established disease
e.g. palliative

14

What are some of the dilemmas of health promotion?

Ethics of interfering in people's lives
Victim blaming
'Fallacy of empowerment'
Reinforcing negative stereotypes
Aim at women in families
Prevention paradox

15

What is evaluation?

Rigorous and systematic collection of data to assess the effectiveness of a programme in achieving predetermined objectives

16

Why do we need to evaluate?

Evidence based interventions
Accountability - legitimacy and political support
Ensure no harm and not wasting resources

17

What is process evaluation?

Assessing process of programme implementation, how it is being delivered and received. Qualitative methods e.g. interviews

18

What is impact evaluation?

Assesses immediate effects of intervention e.g. behaviour, attitudes and knowledge change
Need baseline data prior to implementation

19

What is outcome evaluation?

Long term consequences. Measures what is achieved e.g. improvement in life, reduction in symptoms

20

Why does timing need to be considered in outcome evaluation?

Delay: some interventions take a long time to have an effect
Decay: some interventions wear off rapidly e.g. hard hitting campaigns

21

What are the difficulties of evaluation?

Possible lag time to effect
Confounding factors e.g. multiple interventions
High cost