7) Chronic Illness Flashcards Preview

HaDSoc > 7) Chronic Illness > Flashcards

Flashcards in 7) Chronic Illness Deck (25):
1

What is the focus of a sociological approach to chronic illness?

Impact on social interaction and role performance
How people manage and negotiate the illness in everyday life

2

What is the work of chronic illness?

Everyday interactional work people have to do

3

What does illness work involve?

Diagnosis - period of uncertainty
Managing symptoms
Self management

4

What is an expert patient programme?

Where a patient with a LTC helps another

5

What are the advantages of an expert patient programme?

Coping and condition management skills
Aims to reduce hospital admissions
Patient centred

6

What are the disadvantages of an expert patient programme?

Responsibility for care placed on (ill) patients
Do they have a real understanding?
Lack of evidence of efficiency saving

7

What does everyday life work involve?

Coping, management strategy and normalisation

8

What is normalisation?

Try to keep pre-illness lifestyle e.g. disguising symptoms
Redesignate your new life as 'normal life'

9

What does emotional work involve?

Work that people do to protect emotional well being of others e.g. I'm ok, don't worry about me

10

What is biographical work?

Former self image lost - struggle to lead valued lives and maintain positive definitions of self

11

What is identity work?

Condition affects how people see themselves and how others see them
Illness defines identity

12

What is stigma?

Negatively defined condition, attribute, trait or behaviour conferring deviant status

13

What is discreditable stigma?
Give an example

Nothing seen but if people found out, would view you differently e.g. mental illness, HIV

14

What is discredited stigma?
Give an example

Physically visible characteristics which sets them apart e.g. physical disability

15

What condition can have both discreditable and discredited stigma?

Epilepsy

16

What is enacted stigma?

Real experience of prejudice or discrimination due to the condition

17

What is felt stigma?

Fear of enacted stigma

18

What is the medical model of disability?

Disability is a deviation from medical norm and disadvantages are consequences of impairment
Needs medical intervention

19

What is the social model of disability?

Problems are product of environment and failure of environment to adjust
Need political and social changes

20

What are the critiques of the medical model of disability?

Lacks recognition of social and psychological factors
Stereotyping and stigmatizing language

21

What are the critiques of the social model of disability?

Body is left out
Overly drawn view of society

22

What is the aim of the ICIDH?

Classify consequences of disease by 3 concepts:
Impairment
Disability
Handicap (social and psycho)

23

What are the problems with ICIDH?

Use of term 'handicap'
Implies problems are inevitable

24

What are the key components of ICF?

Integrates medical and social models using key components:
Body structures and functions
Impairments
Activities undertaken and limitation
Participation in life situations

25

What are all components in ICF affected by?

Personal and environmental factors