6: Nutrition and alcohol Flashcards Preview

CLASP: Alcohol 2017/18 > 6: Nutrition and alcohol > Flashcards

Flashcards in 6: Nutrition and alcohol Deck (41)
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1

Alcohol is an (essential / non-essential) nutrient.

non-essential

2

How is alcohol produced?

Fementation of yeast +/- distillation

3

What percentage of alcohol is absorbed in the stomach?

"" in the small intestine?

20%

80%

4

Is alcohol stored in the liver?

No, metabolised immediately to limit damage

5

When does BAC peak?

30-60 minutes following consumption

6

What nutritional factor influences BAC?

Food consumption

7

What is the only factor influencing elimination of alcohol from your system?

Time

8

Why does a woman's BAC increase quicker than that of a man?

More subcutaneous fat

--> lower blood volume

--> less dilution of alcohol

9

Food ___ absorption of alcohol and (speeds up / slows down) elimination of alcohol.

reduces absorption

speeds up elimination

10

What is food's effect on gastric emptying?

How else may it contribute to reduced absorption of alcohol?

Slows down gastric emptying

May bind/trap ethanol

11

Food increases the rate of ___ blood flow.

What effect does this have?

portal

Increases ethanol metabolism in the liver

12

As food increases the time alcohol has to be absorbed in the stomach, the liver has more time to ___ it.

metabolise

13

How many kcal does 1g of alcohol contain?

7 kcal

14

How many units does a pint of beer tend to contain on average?

Around 2 units

15

How many units are contained in

a) 1 large glass of wine

b) 1 pint of beer

c) 1 bottle of cider

d) 1 small glass of wine?

a) 3 units

b) 2 units

c) 2 units

d) 2 units

16

What types of drinking tend to be associated with weight gain?

Heavy / binge drinking

17

Patients are advised to have ___ non-alcoholic drink between each alcoholic drink.

one

18

Should you drink on a full stomach?

Yeah

19

Alcoholism increases your risk of nutrient ___.

deficiencies

20

Which nutrient does ethanol metabolism rely on?

Thiamine

21

When the liver is damaged, its capacity to store ___ is reduced.

vitamins

22

Which hormone, released in the stomach, stimulates appetite?

Ghrelin

23

Alcohol excess ___ your appetite.

alters

24

In which foods is thiamine found?

Cereals, beans, nuts, yeast, meat

25

What are the functions of thiamine?

ATP production (Kreb's cycle, so deficiency causes anaerobic respiration > lactic acidosis > brain damage)

Maintenance of peripheral nerves (so deficiency causes peripheral neuropathy > dry beriberi)

26

What are the three thiamine deficiency diseases?

Dry beriberi

Wet beriberi

Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome

27

Which system does dry beriberi affect?

Nervous system

28

Which system does wet beriberi affect?

CV system

29

Which neurological disease is caused by thiamine deficiency?

Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome

30

What kind of support is recommended for malnourished patients?

Enteral nutrition

Parenteral nutrition