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Flashcards in Argentina Deck (30):
1

What is the main natural feature of Argentina wine country?

Andes Mountains

Most vineyards are at high altitude (600+ meters), some as high as 2000m above the sea level.

The Andes create a rainshadow in Argentina.

2

What are the two signature varieties of Argentina?

  • White: Torrontés
  •  Red: Malbec

3

What is the distance between the northernmost and the southernmost vineyards of Argentina?

1,500 Km separate Salta province and Neuquén in Patagonia.

4

The Salta province in Argentina is located at a latitude inhospitible (read: too hot) for grape growing.

How do Argentinian wine growers produce wine in this region?

By growing their vines at high very altitudes

Most vineyards are planted at least 2,000m above sea level. Some of the highest vineyards in the world are located on near the town of Cafayate, rising 3,200m above sea level.

5

What is the local name for the pergola system in Argentina?

Parral 

Situated high off the ground, the canopy protects clusters from the hot sun and ensures shade for the grapes.

6

What grape variety is still grown using the Parral trellising system?

Torrontés

Today most black/red grapes are trellised using VSP (Vertical Shoot Positioning).

7

Is the rainfall in Argentina high or low?

Are vine growers allowed to irrigate their vineyards?

  1. Rainfall in Argentina is low thanks to the rainshadow of the Andes.
  2. Yes, irrigation is a must in Argentina. Luckily there is plenty of snowmelt which is used in spring and early summer flood irrigation.

8

What forms of irrigation are used in Argentina?

  • Flood irrigation - water comes from rivers of melting snow; used to be more common but is less so today;
  • Drip irrigation - more efficient and easier to control throughout parcels; more common in newer vineyards.

9

What are the weather hazards facing Argentinian vineyards?

  • Spring Frost
  • Summer Hail - some producers use netting to protect their vineyards

10

What is the wind that blows through Mendoza and San Juan?

What is its effect?

Zonda

The Zonda is a dry, strong, hot wind that blows down from the Andes in the late spring/early summer afternoons; it keeps conditions arid

11

What are the 3 most planted red varieties in Argentina?

  1. Malbec (most planted)
  2. Bonarda
  3. Cabernet Sauvignon

12

What is the most planted white grape variety in Argentina?

Pedro Gimenez

Not related to Pedro Ximénez of Spain.

Pedro Gimenez is best known for producing grocery store wine.

13

What system does Argentina use to classify their wines?

Argentina uses a GI system.

Three big regions in Argentina are divided into provinces and then departments.

14

What is the northernmost province or region of production in Argentina?

Salta province: it's near the Bolivian border

15

What is the famous subregion of Salta?

Cafayate

Cafayate grows some of the most aromatic Torrontés in Argentina.

16

What is the third largest area of production of Argentina?

La Rioja Argentina, which is located just south of the Salta.

17

What is the best known vineyard area in La Rioja Argentina province?

Famatina 

Vineyards in Famatina are planted on the valley floor, making this an area of big production.

18

What are the 3 most important wine production provinces of Argentina?

  1. Mendoza
  2. San Juan
  3. La Rioja Argentina

19

What wine province is located between Mendoza and La Rioja Argentina?

San Juan

San Juan is slightly cooler and not as dry as Mendoza. 

20

What are the most planted varieties of San Juan?

This province is particularly famous for its quality Syrah, but also Chardonnay, Malbec and Cabernet Sauvignon.

21

What are the 5 subregions of Mendoza?

  1. Northern
  2. Eastern
  3. Central
  4. Uco Valley
  5. Southern

22

What are the 2 most important GIs of the Central Mendoza region?

  1. Luján de Cuyo
  2. Maipú 

23

Which is higher altitude: Luján de Cuyo or Maipú?

Luján de Cuyo

24

Which Mendoza subregion has the highest altitude vineyards?

Uco Valley

Vineyards reach between 900-1500m.

25

What is the department within Uco Valley that is producing higher quality wines?

Tupungato

26

Where can you find the most substantial plantings of Chenin Blanc in Argentina?

San Rafael department in Southern Mendoza.

27

What is the southernmost wine region of Argentina?

Patagonia

28

Name the 3 provinces of Patagonia.

  1. Neuquén
  2. Rio Negro
  3. La Pampa

Vineyards in Patagonia are located only 200-250m above sea level.  It is dry like the rest of Argentina, but it is cool because of its southern latitude.

29

Why do the wines of Patagonia display such freshness, intensity and bright acidity?

Long sunshine hours coupled with a large diurnal shift.

30

What grape varieties are perform best in the Patagonia wine region?

  • Pinot Noir 
  • Sauvignon Blanc 
  • Malbec
  • Merlot