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Flashcards in Central Italy Deck (46):

What is the climate of Tuscany?

Tuscany generally enjoys a warm Mediterranean climate near the coast which becomes more Continental inland, but mesoclimates exist amid the hilly terrain.

Altitude and sea breezes help provide coolness.


Chianti is situated between which cities?

Pisa, Florence and Siena


What are the permissible grapes in Chianti Classico DOCG?

Sangiovese is the main grape that goes into Chianti Classico.  Other red grapes allowed in the blend include:

  • Colorino
  • Canaiolo
  • Cabernet Sauvignon
  • Merlot

White grapes are no longer permitted in Chianti Classico DOCG as of 2006.


Some well known Chianti Classico producers to know:

  • Castell'In Villa
  • Fattoria di Fèlsina
  • Castello dei Rampolla
  • Monte Bernardi
  • Fattoria Selvapiana
  • Fontodi


What are the 7 subzones of Chianti DOCG?

Which 2 have reputations for producing higher-quality Chianti?

From a 12 o'clock position going clockwise, they are:

  1. Chianti Colli Fiorentini DOCG
  2. Chianti Rùfina DOCG
  3. Chianti Colli Aretini DOCG
  4. Chianti Colli Senesi DOCG
  5. Chianti Colline Pisane DOCG
  6. Chianti Montespertoli DOCG
  7. Chianti Montalbano DOCG


What are the permissible grapes for Chianti DOCG?

Sangiovese is the main grape used in Chianti, but the other grapes allowed include:

  • Trebbiano and Malvasia (white grapes)
  • Cabernet Sauvignon and Cabernet Franc (black grapes)
  • Canaiolo and Colorino


What are the aging requirements for Chianti DOCG?

Chianti DOCG can be released as soon as March 1 the year after harvest; it is meant for early consumption.


What are the aging requirements for Brunello di Montalcino DOCG?

Brunello di Montalcino must be aged at least 5 years prior to release, 2 years of which must be spent in wood and 4 months of which must be spent in bottle.


What % Sangiovese must Rosso di Montalcino DOC be?

100% Sangiovese


Brunello di Montalcino DOCG must be ___% Sangiovese.

100% Sangiovese


What are the aging requirements for Rosso di Montalcino DOC?

Rosso di Montalcino DOC can be released September 1 the year after harvest.

Aging in wood is not required for Rosso di Montalcino.


What are the aging requirements for Vino Nobile di Montepulciano DOCG?

Vino Nobile di Montepulciano must be aged at least 2 years from January 1 the year after harvest, at least 12 months of which have to be in wood.


What was Tuscany's first Super Tuscan?

Tenuta San Guido's 'Sassicaia', which is made predominantly with Cabernet Sauvignon.

Its inaugural release was 1968.


Under what designation (IGT, DOC, DOCG) are most Super Tuscans released?

IGT Toscana or IGT Rosso Toscana

Most are released with the name of the producer and a fantasy name.


What does IGT stand for?

Indicazione Geografica Tipica


Which 2 important DOCs can Tuscan producers use that allow for non-Italian grapes?

Bolgheri DOC and Maremma Toscana DOC


Tuscany is on which sea?

Tyrrhenian Sea


What do DOC and DOCG stand for?

Denominazione di Origine Controllata

Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita


What is the hierarchy of Italian wine classifications?

From highest classification to lowest:

  1. Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita (DOCG)
  2. Denominazione di Origine Controllata (DOC)
  3. Indicazione di Geografica Tipica (IGT)
  4. Vino da Tavola (VdT)


What mountain range is the northern boundary of Tuscany?

The Apennines


Why was the IGT category created, and in what year was it created?

The IGT category was created in 1992 to allow winemakers more freedom outside of the DOC/DOCG confines to grow, blend and bottle international varietals.

The inclusion of the IGT category is also known as Goria's Law.  It is named after Giovanni Goria, the Minister of Agriculture who introduced the IGT category after the explosion of Super Tuscans in the 1980s.


What is the hierarchy of Chianti Classico?

From lowest to highest:

  • Chianti Classico
    • must be aged at least 12 months
  • Chianti Classico Riserva
    • must be aged at least 24 months
  • Chianti Classico Gran Selezione
    • must be aged at least 30 months


Tuscany can generally be split into 3 areas.  Describe each.

The northern part of Tuscany is mountainous and quite hilly; this is where Chianti is.

The southern part has lower altitude hills and valleys, and is generally warmer than the northern part; this is where Brunello di Montalcino is.

The coast is mostly flat terrain that's cooled by sea breezes; this is where Bolgheri is.


Is the Chianti Classico DOCG a subzone of Chianti DOCG?

No, Chianti Classico is not a subzone of Chianti.  It is its own DOCG with vineyards that are higher in altitude than Chianti DOCG.


In order to use the Gran Selezione designation, where do the grapes have to come from?

Gran Selezione grapes must come from a single estate.


If a producer wants/needs to declassify their Vino Nobile di Montepulciano DOCG, what is the classification they can use?

Rosso di Montepulciano DOC


What is the dominant grape in Vino Nobile di Montepulciano DOCG?

Sangiovese is the dominant grape, and Vino Nobile di Montepulciano can have up to 30% other local grapes (red and white) in the blend.


Is Umbria landlocked or does it abut a sea?

Umbria is landlocked.  It has no Mediterranean influence.


What is the most important red DOCG of Umbria?

Sagrantino di Montefalco DOCG


What grape goes into Sagrantino di Montefalco DOCG?

100% Sagrantino


What is the most important DOC in Umbria that makes white wine?

Orvieto DOC



What are the grapes that go into Orvieto DOC?

Orvieto must be a blend with a majority of Grechetto and Trebbiano.

Other local white grapes grown in Umbria are allowed in the blend.


What is special about the soils in Orvieto DOC?

There are outcroppings of tuffeau, the same soil found in Vouvray, which lend the taste of crunchy apples to Orvieto DOC.


What is the capital of Lazio?



What are the main white grapes of Lazio?

  • Trebbiano Toscano
  • Malvasia


What is the base white grape for Frascati DOC?

Frascati DOC must be a minimum 70% Malvasia.


Le Marche is on which sea?

The Adriatic

Le Marche is roughly at the calf of Italy's boot, on the eastern side of the Apennines.



What is the most important white grape in Le Marche?



What is the well known DOC for Verdicchio in Le Marche?

Verdicchio di Castelli di Jesi DOC



Is Verdicchio a late or an early ripener?

Verdicchio is a late ripener.


What 2 DOC reds are commonly seen from Le Marche?

  1. Rosso Conero DOC
  2. Rosso Piceno DOC

Both are based on the Montepulciano grape and typically have Sangiovese in the blend.


Which regions are to the north and south of Abruzzo?

To the north is Le Marche, to the south is Molise.


What is the climate of Abruzzo?



What is the main red grape in Abruzzo?



What is Abruzzo's best known DOC?

Montepulciano d'Abruzzo DOC


Montepulciano in Tuscany and Montepulciano d'Abruzzo -- what's the difference?

Montepulciano is a village in Tuscany.  The main grape in the village of Montepulciano is Sangiovese.

Montepulciano d'Abruzzo is a DOC in the region of Abruzzo whose main grape is Montepulciano.