What is the predominant climate of New Zealand?
Which regions in New Zealand are NOT Maritime climate?
Central Otago: The climate here is Continental.
Auckland: The climate here is Subtropical.
New Zealand is split into the:
- ____ Island
- ____ Island
- North Island
- South Island
What is the body of water on New Zealand's eastern side?
The Pacific Ocean
What is the name of the body of water separating New Zealand and Australia?
The Tasman Sea
What is the name of the mountain range on the South Island?
The Southern Alps
What role do the Southern Alps play in the South Island's climate?
The Southern Alps protect regions from cold winds off the Tasman Sea, creating a rain shadow for most regions east.
Which island generally sees more rain: the North Island or the South Island?
The North Island
The North Island also tends to be generally warmer than the South Island.
Generally speaking, what are the differences between Sauvignon Blancs from the North Island and South Island?
Because the North Island tends to be warmer than the South Island, Sauvignon Blancs from the North Island show more tropical, passionfruit flavors and the Sauvignon Blancs from the South Island show more tart, gooseberry flavors.
What is the most planted grape in New Zealand?
Sauvignon Blanc (>22,000 hecatres)
Behind Sauvignon Blanc, what other white grape varietals are New Zealand producers cultivating?
- Pinot Gris
What is the most planted red/black grape in New Zealand?
Pinot Noir is the second most planted grape in New Zealand.
After Pinot Noir, what other black/red grapes are cultivated in New Zealand?
- Cabernet Sauvigonon
Who was the first person to make wine in New Zealand?
James Busby, a Scottish-born viticulturist best known as the founder of the Australian wine industry, made wine from his estate in Northland.
Who was Romeo Bragato?
Romeo Bragato was a European viticulturist who worked in Victoria's Department of Agriculture in Australia.
While there the Prime Minister of New Zealand requested Romeo to examine New Zealand's land and existing vineyards to further develop the wine culture and regions.
Romeo did two major things for New Zealand:
- He helped identify most of the modern winemaking regions on the North and South Islands;
- He imported phylloxera-resistant rootstocks and new scion material to combat the devastation the louse had created.
In what year was Cloudy Bay launched?
Why are most vineyards in New Zealand mechanically harvested?
Because the country is sparsely populated and labor costs run very high; most vineyards are also planted on flat, free draining land making mechanical harvesting easy.
Why are most of New Zealand's wines bottled under screwcap?
In the 1990s there was a general dissatisfaction with natural cork, so in 2001 a group of New Zealand winegrowers founded the Screwcap Initiative with other international winegrowers committing themselves to using screwcaps on all their wines, including top bottlings.
The group is funded by wineries' purchases of screwcaps, and those funds fuel screwcap research + development, education, and promotion.
Read more about it here.
Which winery was the first to commercially release wine under screwcap?
What are the North Island's wine regions?
- Waikato/Bay of Plenty
- Hawkes Bay
What are the South Island's wine regions?
- Central Otago
What geographical indication would be used for a wine that is a blend of juice from the North and South Islands?
New Zealand GI
When a New Zealand wine is labeled with a geographical indication (GI), what minimum % of grapes must be made from that grape, come from that GI, and be from that vintage?
85% for each
What are the leading weather hazards on the North Island?
Rot and spring frost
What is the wettest region of New Zealand?
Because Auckland is warm on top of being wet, fungal disease pressure can be an issue.
Which subregion of Aukland produces top-quality Chardonnay, Merlot and Syrah?
Name a producer.
subregion: Waiheke Island
producer: Man O' War Vineyards
Which GI on the North Island has the driest climate and the longest hours of sunshine?
Hawke's Bay is notable for growing which grape varietals?
- Cabernet Sauvignon
What is the subregion in Hawke's Bay that is gaining a reputation for Syrah and red Bordeaux blends?
Gimblett Gravels, an area on the valley floor with well-draining gravel.
Name some well known Hawke's Bay wineries.
- Church Road
- Craggy Range
- Te Awa
- Trinity Hill
- Villa Maria
Which GI on the North Island is known for its white wines?
Which white grapes thrive there?
- Pinot Gris
Martinborough, a subregion of Wairarapa, is best known for which grape?
Which South Island region is cooler and wetter than Marlborough?
Nelson, the northernmost region on the South Island.
Marlborough produces roughly __% of all the wine made in New Zealand.
What are the 3 subregions of Marlborough?
From north to south:
- Wairau Valley (largest)
- Southern Valleys
- Awatere Valley
Which subregion of Marlborough is cool, windy, and dry?
Sauvignon Blancs from Awatere Valley tend to have brighter acidity and more herbaceous flavors than Sauvignon Blancs from Waiaru.
Name some well known Marlborough wineries.
- Dog Point
- Kim Crawford
- Oyster Bay
What grapes perform best in Canterbury?
- Pinot Noir
- Sauvignon Blanc
- Pinot Gris
Two areas in Canterbury are well known for wine production. Describe each and how they are different.
The two areas are the plains west of Christchurch and the Waipara Valley to the north of Christchurch.
- vineyards are warmed by northwesterly winds
- Pacific Ocean is a cooling influence
- not as much Pacific influence due to protection from the Teviotdale Hills
- tends to be warmer because northwesterly winds have greater impact
Name some Canterbury wineries.
- Mt. Beautiful
- Pegasus Bay
- Pyramid Valley Vintners
- Waipara Hills
Which region is located in the foothills of the Southern Alps?
Central Otago's altitude allows for a big diurnal shift, with warm days giving way to concentrated, full-bodied Pinot Noirs.
Which grape performs best in Central Otago?
What weather threat does Central Otago face?
Frost - both in the spring and autumn.
What is the world's southernmost commerical winemaking region?
Name some well known Central Otago wineries.
- Felton Road
- Mt. Difficulty
- Burn Cottage
What is Sustainable Winegrowing New Zealand?
SWNZ is a sustainability program that was introduced in 1997 by New Zealand Winegrowers and is now adopted by 98% of all New Zealand wineries.
Wineries commit to international guidelines on environmental practices, vineyard quality assurance, and consumer, business, and commerical concerns regarding respect toward the environment.
Read more about the initiative here.