What is the climate of the Jura?
What is the soil in the Jura?
The soil in the Jura is Jurassic limestone and marl, with a substantial amount of clay at the lowest sites.
What styles of wine does the Côtes du Jura AOP cover?
Red, white and rosé
What are the 3 red grapes in the Jura?
- Poulsard (Ploussard)
- Pinot Noir
What are the 2 main white grapes in the Jura?
In the Jura, Chardonnay is aka Gamay Blanc and Savagnin is aka Naturé or Traminer.
Which grapes are permissible for rosé in Jura?
All 5 grapes in the Jura are allowed to go into rosé:
- Pinot Noir
Describe the main difference between Vin Jaune and Vin de Paille.
Vin Jaune is a dry oxidative white wine produced exclusively from Savagnin.
Vin de Paille is a sweet wine. Can include all grapes of the Jura excluding Pinot Noir.
What are the 3 communal appellations of the Jura?
- Arbois AOP
- Château Chalon AOP
- L’Etoile AOP
What is the one village that may append its name to Arbois, and what is its specialty?
The one village allowed to append its name to Arbois is Pupillin.
It's known for Poulsard.
The Château Chalon commune specializes in what style of wine?
What are the regulations of Vin Jaune?
- After fermentation, Savagnin (aka Naturé) is kept in barrel until December 15 of the 6th year following the harvest resulting in a dry, oxidative wine;
- The wine is not topped off;
- The wine is not fortified;
- A voile, or veil (like flor in Sherry), develops, resulting in nutty, aldehydic flavors;
- Vin Jaune must be bottled in a clavelin, a squat 62cl bottle, and represent the classic vin jaune style.
Vin de Paille can be produced under which AOPs?
- Côtes du Jura
How is Vin de Paille made?
- Ripe but not botrytised Chardonnay, Savagnin or Poulsard grapes are left to dry for a minimum of six weeks after harvest on straw mats, concentrating sugar and structural elements;
- After fermentation, Vin de Paille is aged for 3 years before release, including 18 months in neutral barrels;
- Vin de Paille must be aged until Nov 15th of 3rd year following harvest; its earliest release is Dec 1st, the 3rd year after harvest;
- Final abv must be at least 14%.
What is Macvin du Jura AOP?
Macvin du Jura is a mistelle.
Marc is added to unfermented grape must, resulting in a sweet, unfermented but alcoholic grape juice.
Macvin du Jura may be red, white, or rosé, and must be aged for one year in oak after mutage.
What is the climate of Savoie?
What are the 2 lakes that help moderate Savoie's climate?
- Lake Geneva
- Lake Bourget
What are the 4 main white grapes found in Savoie? Which is the most common?
Jacquère (most common)
What are the 3 main red grapes of Savoie?
- Pinot Noir
Which styles of wine can Vin de Savoie AOP make?
Red, white, and rosé
What is the grape in Chignin-Bergeron?
Roussette de Savoie AOP must be 100% what grape?
What are the 4 communes that can append their name to Roussette de Savoie AOP?
Roussette de Bugey must be 100% what grape?
Which 2 communes may append their name to Roussette de Bugey AOP?
- Virieu le Grand
In poor vintages for Château Chalon where they cannot make Vin Jaune, what steps can they take to bottle their wine?
Producers may declassify their wines to Côtes du Jura AOP.