Arthrology (Introduction to Joint Classification and Latin Classification) Flashcards Preview

Spinal Anatomy > Arthrology (Introduction to Joint Classification and Latin Classification) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Arthrology (Introduction to Joint Classification and Latin Classification) Deck (28):
1

What term is used to identify the study of joints?

Arthrology

2

What term is used to identify the study of ligaments?

Syndesmology

3

What are the three histological classifications of joints?

Fibrous, cartilaginous, and synovial fluid

4

What were the three classifications of joints based on movement potential?

Synarthrosis, amphiarthrosis, and diarthrosis

5

What were the four subclassifications of synarthrosis joints based on Latin groupings?

Suture, gomphosis, schindylesis, and syndesmosis

6

What were the five types of sutures based on Latin groupings?

Serrate, denticulate, limbous, squamous, and harmonia

7

What are the characteristics of sutura vera (true sutures)?

Sutures demonstrating interlocking of the adjacent bone surfaces; typically formed by intramembraneous ossification

8

What were the classifcations of sutura vera (true sutures) based on Latin groupings?

Serrate, denticulate, and limbous

9

What are the characteristics of sutura notha (false sutures)?

Sutures lacking interlocking of adjacent bone surfaces; typically formed by endochondral ossification

10

What were the classifications of sutura notha (false sutures) based on Latin groupings?

Squamous and harmonia

11

What is the classification of a joint with "saw-like" interlock of bone surfaces?

Serrate suture

12

What is the classification of a joint with "tooth-like" interlock of bone surfaces?

Denticulate suture

13

What is the classification of a joint with a selvage or fabric border appearance between the adjacent bone surfaces?

Limbous suture

14

What is the classification of a joint with a "scale-like" appearance of the adjacent bone surfaces?

Squamous suture

15

What is the classification of a joint demonstrating a relatively flat, abutting appearance of adjacent bone surfaces?

Harmonia suture

16

What is the classification of a joint with a "nail-like" condition?

Gomphosis

17

What is the classification of a joint with a "fissure-like" condition?

Schindylesis

18

What is the classification of a joint held together with cartilage?

Synchondrosis

19

What is the classification of a joint formed by a growth condition?

Symphysis

20

What are the two subclassifications of amphiarthrosis joints based on Latin groupings?

Synchondrosis and symphysis

21

What are the Latin subclassifications of diarthrosis joints?

Arthrodia, ginglymus, trochoid, condylar/bicondylar, ellipsoidal, sellar, and cotyloid (spheroidal or enarthrosis)

22

What is the classification of a plane or gliding synovial joint?

Arthrodia

23

What is the classification of a hinge type synovial joint?

Ginglymus

24

What si the classifcation of a pivot type synovial joint?

Trochoid

25

What is the classification of a knuckle type synovial joint?

Condylar or bicondylar

26

What is the classification of an oval-like synovial joint?

Ellipsoidal

27

What is the classification of a saddle type synovial joint?

Sellar

28

What is the classification of a ball and socket synovial joint?

Cotyloid, spheroidal, or enarthorsis

Decks in Spinal Anatomy Class (33):