Osteology of the Anterior Thorax Flashcards Preview

Spinal Anatomy > Osteology of the Anterior Thorax > Flashcards

Flashcards in Osteology of the Anterior Thorax Deck (21):
1

What parts form the adult sternum?

Manubrium sterni, corpus sterni, xiphoid process

2

What vertebral levels correspond to the position of the manubrium sterni?

T3-T4

3

What feature is present at the top of the manubrium sterni?

Jugular notch (suprasternal notch)

4

What is the name given to the articular site at the superolateral margin of the manubrium sterni?

Clavicular notch

5

What names are given to the articular sites for the joint with the first and second rib?

Costal notch I for the first rib costal cartilage; costal notch II for the second rib costal cartilage

6

What vertebral levels correspond to the position of the corpus sterni?

T5-T9

7

What surface feature on the corpus sterni identifies the location of the synchondroses?

Transverse lines

8

What articular sites for the costal cartilage of ribs will be identified on the corpus sterni?

Costal notches II-VII

9

What attaches to the crest of the neck of the rib?

The superior costotransverse ligament

10

What attaches beneath the crest of the neck of the rib?

The inferior costotransverse ligament

11

What attaches to the non-articular surface of the tubercle of a rib?

The lateral costotransverse ligament

12

What attaches to the costal angle of a rib?

The iliocostalis muscle and thoracolumbar aponeurosis/fascia

13

What is present at the sternal end of the rib?

Costal cartilage

14

What attaches to the scalene tubercle of the first rib?

The anterior scalene muscle

15

What unique feature is present on the body (corpus or shaft) of the second rib?

The tuberosity for the serratus anterior

16

What distinguishes the vertebral end of rib 11 from typical ribs?

The single articular surface, absence of a well-developed crest on the neck and the tubercle may be absent or if present, consists only of a non-articular surface

17

What are the classifications of ribs 3-7 in the typical adult skeleton?

Typical ribs, true ribs, costa verae, and vertebrosternal ribs

18

What are the classifications of ribs 1 and 2 in the typical adult skeleton?

Atypical ribs, true ribs, costa verae, and vertebrosternal ribs

19

What are the classifications of ribs 8 and 9 in the typical adult skeleton?

Typical ribs, false ribs, costa spuriae, and vertebrochondral ribs

20

What are the classifications of rib 10 in the typical adult skeleton?

Atypical rib, false rib, costa spuriae, and vertebrochondral rib

21

What are the classifications of ribs 11 or 12 in the typical adult skeleton?

Atypical ribs, false ribs, costa spuriae, and vertebral ribs

Decks in Spinal Anatomy Class (33):