Flashcards in Regions of the Vertebral Column: Cervical Region (Atypical Cervical Vertebrae: C7/Vertebra Prominens Deck (15):
What names may be given to C7?
Vertebra prominens and vertebral prominence
What is the name given to the topographical elevation observed at the base of the neck?
What name is given only to C7?
What is the segment and gender bias for vertebrae other than C7 becoming the vertebral prominence?
C6 is more common in females and T1 is more common in males
How many joint surfaces are present at the vertebral body of C7?
What joint classifications are observed at eh vertebral body of C7?
Fibrous (ampiarthrosis) syndesmosis, cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) symphysis and modified synovial saddle (diarthrosis sellar) joint
What muscle(s) attaches to the vertebral body of C7?
Longus colli muscle
What features are typically present in the transverse foramen of C7?
Vertebral venous plexus, postganglionic sympathetic motor fibers
What muscles attach to the transverse process of C7?
Middle scalene, iliocostalis thoracis, longissimus cervicis, semispinalis capitis, rotator, intertransversarii, and levator costarum brevis
What is the orientation of the superior articular facet of C7?
Backward, upward, medial (BUM)
What is the orientation of the inferior articular facet of C7?
Forward, medial, downward (ForMeD)
What muscles will attach to the articular process of C7?
Longissimus cervicis, longissimus capitis, semispinalis cervicis, and multifidis
What are the features of the spinous process of C7?
Long, horizontal, nonbifid
What muscles attach to the spinous process of C7?
Trapezius, rhomboid minor, serratus posterior superior, splenisu capitis, spinalis capitis, spinalis cervicis, semispinalis thoracis, multifidis, rotators, and interspinalis