atypical cervical vertebrae: C7/vertebra prominens Flashcards Preview

Spinal Anatomy Exam 2 > atypical cervical vertebrae: C7/vertebra prominens > Flashcards

Flashcards in atypical cervical vertebrae: C7/vertebra prominens Deck (15):
1

what names may be given to C7?

vertebra prominens and vertebral prominence

2

what is the name given to the topographical elevation observed at the base of the neck?

vertebral prominence

3

what name is given only to C7?

vertebra prominens

4

in what percent of men and of women does C7 become the vertebral prominence?

men: 86%; women: 79%

5

what is the segment and gender bias for vertebrae other than C7 becoming the vertebral prominence?

C6 is more common in females and T1 is more common in males

6

how many joint surfaces are present at the vertebral body of C7?

8

7

what muscle attaches to the vertebral body of C7?

longus colli muscle

8

what are the osseous parts of the transverse process of C7?

costal element, anterior tubercle, costotransverse bar, posterior tubercle, true transverse process

9

what muscles attach to the transverse process of C7?

middle scalene, iliocostalis thoracis, longissimus cervicis, semispinalis capitis, rotators, intertransversarii and levator costarum brevis

10

what is the orientation of the superior articular facet of C7?

backward, upward, medial (BUM)

11

what is the orientation of the inferior articular facet of C7?

forward, medial, downward (ForMeD)

12

what is the orientation of the inferior articular facet of C7?

forward, medial, downward (ForMeD)

13

what muscles will attach to the articular process of C7?

longissimus cervicis, longissimus capitis, semispinalis cervicis and multifidus

14

what muscles attach to the spinous process of C7?

trapezius, rhomboid minor, serratus posterior superior, splenius capitis, spinalis capitis, spinalis cervicis, semispinalis thoracis, multifidus, rotators and interspinalis

15

what ligaments attach to the spinous process of C7?

ligamentum nuchae and interspinous ligaments