Flashcards in typical lumbar spine: L1-L4 Deck (33):
what is the generic shape of the typical lumbar vertebral body from the cranial view?
reniform or kidney-shaped
what accounts for the direction of the lumbar curve?
vertebral body and intervertebral disc have a greater anterior height that posterior height
how many joint surfaces are present on the vertebral body of a typical lumbar?
how many synovial joint surfaces are present on the vertebral body of a typical lumbar?
how many cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) symphysis joint surfaces are on a typical lumbar vertebral body?
how many fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis joint surfaces are on a typical lumbar vertebral body?
what muscles may attach to the first lumbar vertebral body?
psoas major and psoas minor
what muscle may attach from the second down to the fourth lumbar vertebral body?
psoas minor will only attach to the vertebral body of which segments?
what is the name given to ligaments that attach the vertebral body to articular process?
what ligaments attach the vertebral body to the transverse process?
hofmann ligaments are identified in which regions along the vertebral column?
cervical - upper thoracic region and lumbar region
cervical - upper thoracic hofmann ligaments will attach what structures together?
dura mater to segments above
what is the highest level known to demonstrate hofmann ligaments?
what is the proposed function of the cervical - upper thoracic hofmann ligaments?
resist caudal movement of the dural sac; resist gravitational forces on the dura and cord
lumbar hofmann ligaments will attach what structures together?
dura mater to lower segmental levels
what is the proposed function of the lumbar hofmann ligaments?
resist cranial movements of the dural sac during flexion
what osseous conditions of lumbar vertebrae facilitate a spinal tap in this region?
overlap of the laminae, shingling, diminshes; overlap of spinous processes, imbrication, diminishes
what is the name of the elevation near the origin of the lumbar transverse process?
a styloid process occurs with what frequency and as a result of what condition?
7% occurrence as a result of congenital elongation of the lumbar accessory process
what muscles attach to the lumbar accessory process?
longissimus thoracis and intertransversarii
what muscles may attach to the transverse process of a typical lumbar vertebrae?
psoas major, quadratus lumborum, longissimus thoracis, rotator brevis, rotator longus and intertransversarii
what muscles will attach to the lumbar superior articular processes?
multifidus and intertransversarii
what ligament will attach to the lumbar superior articular process and transverse process?
what was believed to be entrapped by the mammillo-accessory ligament?
medial branch of the dorsal ramus of a lumbar spinal nerve
what is the joint classification for the typical lumbar zygapophysis?
synovial plane (diarthrosis arthrodia)
how many synovial joints are present on a typical lumbar vertebra?
what is the position of the lumbar zygapophysis in children?
zygapophysis lies in the coronal plane
what is the position of the lumbar zygapophysis in adults?
zygapophysis lies in the sagittal plane for L1/L2, L2/L3 and L3/L4; zygapophysis lies in the coronal plane for L4/L5 and L5/S1
what name is given to zygapophyses between vertebral couples that lie in the same plane?
what names are given to the condition in which one zygapophysis of a vertebral couple lies in the coronal plane or position and the other zygapophysis lies in the sagittal plane or position?
joint asymmetry or joint tropism
what is the name(s) of the condition in which the typical lumbar spinous process increases in length due to the aging process?
Baastrup's syndrome or "kissing spines"