typical lumbar spine: L1-L4 Flashcards Preview

Spinal Anatomy Exam 2 > typical lumbar spine: L1-L4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in typical lumbar spine: L1-L4 Deck (33):
1

what is the generic shape of the typical lumbar vertebral body from the cranial view?

reniform or kidney-shaped

2

what accounts for the direction of the lumbar curve?

vertebral body and intervertebral disc have a greater anterior height that posterior height

3

how many joint surfaces are present on the vertebral body of a typical lumbar?

6

4

how many synovial joint surfaces are present on the vertebral body of a typical lumbar?

none

5

how many cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) symphysis joint surfaces are on a typical lumbar vertebral body?

2

6

how many fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis joint surfaces are on a typical lumbar vertebral body?

4

7

what muscles may attach to the first lumbar vertebral body?

psoas major and psoas minor

8

what muscle may attach from the second down to the fourth lumbar vertebral body?

psoas major

9

psoas minor will only attach to the vertebral body of which segments?

T12, L1

10

what is the name given to ligaments that attach the vertebral body to articular process?

transforaminal ligaments

11

what ligaments attach the vertebral body to the transverse process?

corporotransverse ligaments

12

hofmann ligaments are identified in which regions along the vertebral column?

cervical - upper thoracic region and lumbar region

13

cervical - upper thoracic hofmann ligaments will attach what structures together?

dura mater to segments above

14

what is the highest level known to demonstrate hofmann ligaments?

C6

15

what is the proposed function of the cervical - upper thoracic hofmann ligaments?

resist caudal movement of the dural sac; resist gravitational forces on the dura and cord

16

lumbar hofmann ligaments will attach what structures together?

dura mater to lower segmental levels

17

what is the proposed function of the lumbar hofmann ligaments?

resist cranial movements of the dural sac during flexion

18

what osseous conditions of lumbar vertebrae facilitate a spinal tap in this region?

overlap of the laminae, shingling, diminshes; overlap of spinous processes, imbrication, diminishes

19

what is the name of the elevation near the origin of the lumbar transverse process?

accessory process

20

a styloid process occurs with what frequency and as a result of what condition?

7% occurrence as a result of congenital elongation of the lumbar accessory process

21

what muscles attach to the lumbar accessory process?

longissimus thoracis and intertransversarii

22

what muscles may attach to the transverse process of a typical lumbar vertebrae?

psoas major, quadratus lumborum, longissimus thoracis, rotator brevis, rotator longus and intertransversarii

23

what muscles will attach to the lumbar superior articular processes?

multifidus and intertransversarii

24

what ligament will attach to the lumbar superior articular process and transverse process?

mammillo-accessory ligament

25

what was believed to be entrapped by the mammillo-accessory ligament?

medial branch of the dorsal ramus of a lumbar spinal nerve

26

what is the joint classification for the typical lumbar zygapophysis?

synovial plane (diarthrosis arthrodia)

27

how many synovial joints are present on a typical lumbar vertebra?

4

28

what is the position of the lumbar zygapophysis in children?

zygapophysis lies in the coronal plane

29

what is the position of the lumbar zygapophysis in adults?

zygapophysis lies in the sagittal plane for L1/L2, L2/L3 and L3/L4; zygapophysis lies in the coronal plane for L4/L5 and L5/S1

30

what name is given to zygapophyses between vertebral couples that lie in the same plane?

joint symmetry

31

what names are given to the condition in which one zygapophysis of a vertebral couple lies in the coronal plane or position and the other zygapophysis lies in the sagittal plane or position?

joint asymmetry or joint tropism

32

what is the name(s) of the condition in which the typical lumbar spinous process increases in length due to the aging process?

Baastrup's syndrome or "kissing spines"

33

what muscles will attach to the typical lumbar spinous process?

latissimus dorsi, serratus posterioe inferior, iliocostalis lumborum, longissimus thoracis, spinalis thoracis, multifidus, rotator longus, rotator brevis and interspinalis