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Spinal Anatomy Exam 2 > spondylolysis > Flashcards

Flashcards in spondylolysis Deck (18):
1

what is the location of spondylolysis that will be stressed in spinal II?

a separation along the pars interarticularis (defect in the pars interarticularis or pars defect)

2

what is the incidence of spondylolysis in the general population?

a range of 2.6% to 10%

3

what is the geographic or ethnic bias for a higher incidence of spondylolysis?

native Alaskan (Inuit) population

4

what does lumbar spondylolysis appear to be related to?

uniquely human upright stance or erect position

5

lumbar spondylolysis is associated with what characteristics?

familial association, spina bifida occulta, racial/ethnic disparities, gender and locational bias, youthful incidence and activities requiring repetitive stress on the spine

6

what is the age range typically associated with lumbar spondylolysis?

10-20 year olds

7

what activities are particularly stressful at the pars interarticularis of lumbar vertebrae?

gymnastics, dance, soccer

8

what fills the space in a lumbar spondylolysis?

fibrocartilagenous material

9

what name has given to the material filling the space in a lumbar spondylolysis?

spondylolysis ligament

10

what type of neural functions have been associated with the spondylolysis ligament?

nociception, neuromodulation and autonomic function

11

what is the appearance of the lumbar vertebra upon oblique x-ray view?

Scotty dog

12

what is the appearance of a spondylolysis in a lumbar vertebra upon oblique x-ray view?

collared Scotty dog

13

in an oblique x-ray, spondylolysis below the superior articular process of a lumbar pars interarticularis is associated with what part of the Scotty dog?

the neck of the Scotty dog

14

what part of a lumbar vertebra forms the eye of a Scotty dog?

pedicle

15

what part of a lumbar vertebra forms the ear of a Scotty dog?

superior articular process

16

what part of a lumbar vertebra forms the nose of a Scotty dog?

transverse process

17

what characteristics are associated with cervical spondylolysis?

rare, congenital, gender biased toward men, most common at C6 and linked to spondylolisthesis and spina bifida

18

what characteristics are associated with sacral spondylolysis?

rare in the general population, within typical percents in the native Alaskan (Inuit) population, seems to be acquired, gender biased toward men, most common at S1 and linked to activities such as kayaking and harpooning