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Spinal Anatomy Exam 2 > Cervical region > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cervical region Deck (23):
1

what muscles will attach to the anterior tubercle of a typical cervical vertebra?

anterior scalene, longus capitis, longus colli, anterior intertransversarii

2

what muscles may attach to the posterior tubercle of a typical cervical vertebra?

splenius cervicis, iliocostalis cervicis, longissimus cervicis, levator scapula, middle scalene, posterior scalene, rotators and posterior intertransversarii

3

what muscles will attach to the costotransverse bar?

middle scalene and posterior intertransversarii

4

what is the name given to the superior margin of the costotransverse bar?

sulcus for the ventral primary ramus of a cervical spinal nerve

5

what is the orientation and angulation of a typical cervical transverse process?

60 degrees anterolaterally (from midsagittal plane), 15 degrees inferiorly (from the horizontal plane)

6

what is the name given to the modification of the anterior tubercle of the C6 transverse process?

carotid tubercle

7

what will cause remodeling of the anterior tubercle at C6?

common carotid artery

8

what will occupy the typical cervical vertebra transverse foramen?

vertebral artery, vertebral venous plexus and postganglionic sympathetic motor nerve fibers

9

what nerve indents the articular pillar of typical cervical vertebrae?

medial branch of the dorsal ramus of a cervical spinal nerve

10

what is the classic angulation of typical cervical articular facets?

40 to 45 degrees from the coronal plane

11

recent work suggests what angulation for typical cervical articular facets?

55 to 60 degrees

12

what is the orientation of the typical cervical superior articular facet?

backward, upward, medial (BUM)

13

what is the orientation of the typical cervical inferior articular facet?

forward, lateral, downward (FoLD)

14

what muscles will attach to typical cervical articular processes?

longissimus capitis, longissimus cervicis, semispinalis capitis, semispinalis cervicis, multifidis and rotators

15

what muscles blend with the capsular ligament of cervical zygapophyses?

semispinalis capitis, multifidis and rotator longus

16

what is the joint classification for the typical cervical zygapophysis?

synovial plane (diarthrosis arthrodia) joint

17

what will influence spinal kinematics?

geometry of articular facets, mechanical properties of connective tissue, mechanical properties of muscle

18

the greatest range of flexion - extension among the typical cervical vertebrae occurs at which vertebral couple?

typically C5/C6

19

what motions are coupled in the cervical spine?

lateral bending and axial rotation

20

ranges of coupled motion among the typical cervical vertebrae will begin to decrease at what cervical vertebral couple?

C5/C6 vertebral couple

21

what is the usual condition for the Caucasian typical cervical spinous process?

bifid

22

what is the usual condition for the African-American typical cervical spinous process?

non-bifid

23

what muscles may attach to the typical cervical spinous process?

spinalis cervicis, semispinalis cervicis, semispinalis thoracis, multifidis, rotators and interspinalis