Blood Borne Pathogens Flashcards Preview

ICM Week 2 > Blood Borne Pathogens > Flashcards

Flashcards in Blood Borne Pathogens Deck (11):
1

Most common Bloodborne Pathogens

HIV, Hep A , Hep B, Hep C

2

Exposure risk factors to Hep A

poor sanitation

lack of clean water

injecting drugs

healthcare workers

multiple partners

non-vaccinated people

3

Exposure risk factors to Hep B

blood
bodily fluids (semen, vaginal fluid)
sharing needles
healthcare workers
unprotected sex

4

Exposure risk factors to Hep C

Injection drug use

unprotected high risk sexual behavior

reuse/inadequate sterilization or medical equipment

5

Exposure risk factors to HIV

Sex w/ infected partner
Semen/Vaginal secretion
injection drug users
Healthcare worker


*May transmit during birth

6

Universal Precautions Def

a set of precautions designed to prevent transmission of HIV HBV and other bloodborne pathogens when providing first aid or healthcare..

7

Protective Personal Equipment

gloves, gown, goggles, mask, respirator, face shield

8

Universal precautions apply to

blood, bodily fluids containing visible blood, semen, vaginal secretions, CSF, synovial, pleural, peritoneal, pericardial, amniotic fluids

9

Universal precautions DO NOT apply to...

feces (unless blood in it)
nasal secretions
sputum
sweat
vomitus

10

OSHA: reporting exposure incident

-immediately wash area with soap and water and seek medical attention
-tell your employer immediately,

11

OSHA regulations for post exposure follow up

Employer inform Updated U.S. Public Health Services

Any testing done at no cost to victim

can refuse HIV testing

counseling about possible exposure and infection status