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Flashcards in Body Comp - Final - Kailey Deck (32)
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1

What is the healthy BMI range?

18.5-24.9

2

What is the Obese BMI range

30-39.9

3

What is the Overweight BMI range?

25-29.9

4

What are the best indicators of health?

Waist Circumference, Wait to Hip Ratio and Waist to height ratio

5

what is the Unhealthy Waist to Hip ratio for Men? Women?

Men - over 0.95
Women - Over 0.8

6

What is the Unhealthy Waist Circumference measurement for men? Women?

Men - over 40in
Women - Over 35in

7

What is the unhealthy waist to heigh ratio ?

over 0.5

8

What body shape is an over 40 inches waist circumference in men measurement associated with

Android Body Type

9

What body shape is an over 0.8 waist to hip ratio in women associated with

Gyneoid Body Type

10

What components make up fat free mass in the body?

Muscles, Bone and Fluid

11

What makes up fat mass in the body

Essential Fat, and Storage Fat

12

What is the most accurate way to measure fat mass for the price?

DEXA scan

13

In energy balance, what makes up the intake portion? The output portion?

Input - Food, Drinks and Supplements
Output - Basal Metabolism, Activity and Thermo effect of food

14

Which one of the output mechanisms (basal metabolism, activity and thermo effect of food) use the most energy

Basal Metabolism

15

What is the minimum calories used by basal metabolism in Men? In Women?

Men - 1600Cal
Women - 1200Cal

16

Which type of food has a higher thermo effect because it requires a higher number of calories to break down?

Protein

17

Which type of food has a lower thermo effect of food because it requires the least amount of Cals to digest?

Fat

18

what percent of output (energy balance) comes from the thermo effect of food from a mixed meal?

10%

19

What hormone gives us the hunger signal

Ghrelin

20

What hormones are considered hunger suppressors?

Leptin, insulin and CCK

21

What is used by the body for Temperature Regulation

Brown Adipose

22

what enzyme found in White Adipose tissue causes feminization

Aromatase

23

What factors in White Adipose tissue cause inflammation

TNF Alpha
IL 6
PGE 2

24

What is Adipotoxicity

The negative effects of storing excess fat in adipose tissue

25

What is Lipotoxicity

the negative effects of storing excess fat in non-adipose tissue

26

Which type of Fat (White or Brown) causes low HDL

White

27

Which type of Fat (White or Brown) makes Free FA

White fat - releases FFA Lipoprotein Lipase

28

What condition is characterizes by restrictive eating, Marasmus and Lanugo

Anorexia Nervosa

29

what condition is characterized by Binging and Purging, Ulcers and Dental Decay

Bulemia Nervosa

30

What condition is characterized by eating non food items

Pica (sign of mineral deficiency)