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Nutrition - Kailey > Trace Minerals > Flashcards

Flashcards in Trace Minerals Deck (48)
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1

Functions of Chromium

Insulin Secretion

2

Chromium Deficiency

Insulin Resistance

3

Iodine Functions

Part of T3 (triiodothyronine) and T4 (thyroxine)

4

Iodine Deficiency

Gioter

5

Iodine Toxicity

Hypothyroidism and Burning Mouth

6

Molybdenum Sources

Plants

7

Molybdenum Functions

Cofactor for Sulfur Metabolism
Uric Acid Synthesis

8

Molybdenum Toxicity

Gout

9

Maganese Functions

Superoxide Dismutase in Mitochrondria

10

Maganese Sources

Plants

11

Maganese Toxicity

Tremors

12

Copper Functions

Collagen Crosslinking
Part of ATP

13

Copper Deficiency

Skin Depigmentation
Genetic Type - Menkes Syndrome
** leads to iron deficiency

14

Copper Toxicity

Wilsons Disease -
Kayser Fleischer Rings Around Cornea

15

Zinc Source

Oysters

16

Zinc Functions

Folate Digestion (natural)
Synthetic Zinc will cause decreased Folic Acid absorption

17

Zinc Toxicity

Metallic Taste

18

Zinc Deficiency

Decreased Taste and Dermatitis

19

Heme Iron Sources

Beef and Fish

20

Heme Iron is absorbed by ____

Facilitated Diffusion va HCP1

21

Heme or Non heme Iron is absorbed more?

Heme Iron

22

Heme Iron Functions

Transport Oxygen
Part of Cytochromes

23

Non Heme Iron Sources

Plants and Supplements

24

Non Heme Iron Is Digested By _____

Ferroreductase (requires Vit C)

25

Non Heme Iron is Absorbed by ______

Facilitated Diffusion using DMT

26

Iron is transported out of the enterocyte using ___

Ferroportin ** Requires Copper

27

Iron Toxicity

Hemochromatosis and Organ Damage

28

Iron Deficiency

Hypochromic Microcytic Anemia
- Symptoms are Pallor, Fatigue and Decreased Immunity

29

Who is at risk for Iron Deficiency

Males - 6mo-2yr and runners 10-19
Females - 10-44 and all athletes

30

Flouride Functions

Decreases Cavities
Bone Mineralization