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Nutrition - Kailey > Major Minerals > Flashcards

Flashcards in Major Minerals Deck (38)
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1

Calicum is Absorbed by ___

Active Transport using Calbindin 9K
and Passive Diffusion

2

Calcium Functions

Bone Mineralization
Cell Signaling

3

Calcium Source

Dairy

4

Calcium Toxicity (Hypercalcemia) is caused by

increased calcium intake
or hyperparathyroidism

5

Symptoms of Calcium Toxicity (Hypercalcemia)

hallucinations
Extreme fatigue
constipation

6

Calcium Deficiency (Hypocalcemia) Symptoms

Tetany and Osteoporosis

7

Phosphorous Sources

Animals

8

Phosphorous Functions

ATP and cAMP
Enzyme Regulation (Covalent Modification)
Phospholipid
Bone Mineralization

9

Phosphorous Toxicity (Hyperphosphatemia) Symptoms

Leads to Hypocalcemia

10

Phosphorous Deficiency (Hypophosphatemia) Symptoms

Arrythmias

11

Sodium Sources

Table Salt (NaCl)

12

Sodium Toxicity

"Hypernatremia"
- Tetany and Osteoporosis
- Increase Calcium Excretion - leads to Hypocalcemia

13

Sodium Functions

Fluid Balance
Nerve Transmission

14

Sodium Deficiency

"Hyponatremia"
- Muscle Cramping

15

Potassium Functions

Fluid Balance
Nerve Transmission

16

Potassium Sources

Cantelope
Sweet Potatoes
Bananas

17

Potassium Toxicity

Hyperkalemia
- Arrythmias

18

Sublinical Potassium Deficiency

Hypertension

19

Chloride Functions

Fluid Balance
HCl

20

Chloride Sources

NaCl (Table Salt)

21

Magnesium Sources

Plants Mostly but also Nuts

22

Magnesium Function

Muscle Relaxer
Cofactor - Stabilize ATP
PTH Secretion
Bone Mineralization

23

Magnesium Toxicity

Hypermagnesemia
- Slurred Speech, Migraines

24

Magnesium Deficiency

Hypomagnesemia
- Leads to Hypocalcemia (Tetany and Osteoporosis)
- Muscle Weakness

25

Potassium Deficiency

Hypokalemia
- Arrythmias

26

Which Major Minerals Function in Bone Mineralization

Calcium, Phosphorous, Magnesium

27

Deficiency in which major Minerals may lead to Hypocalcemia

Calcium, Magnesium

28

Toxicity in which major Minerals may lead to hypocalcemia

Sodium and Phosphorous

29

which major minerals best sources are table salt

Sodium and Chloride

30

which major minerals function in fluid balance

potassium, sodium and chloride