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Flashcards in Lipids - Final - Kailey Deck (45)
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1

How many kcal/g do lipids provide?

9kcal/g

2

what are the functions of lipids

Mouthfeel
Cell membranes
Energy at rest
Energy during LOW intensity Exercise

3

Short and Medium Chain FA are Transported in the Blood Via _________?

Albumin

4

Long Chain FA are transported in the blood via __________

Lipoproteins

5

Do Short and Medium chain FA's require Carnitine to enter mitochindria?

No

6

Do Long chain FA's require Carnitine to enter mitochondria?

Yes

7

what is the AMDR for Lipids?

20-35%

8

What are an example of Saturated Fats?

Hydrogenated Fats

9

What effect do saturated fats have on LDL?

Increase

10

What are the Two types of MUFAs

CIS and TRANS

11

what effect do CIS MUFA's have on LDL? HDL?

Decrease LDL
Increase HDL

12

What effect to TRANS MUFA's have on LDL? HDL?

Decrease HDL
Increase LDL

13

What should you swap TRANS MUFA's For

MUFAs and PUFAs

14

What are the two types of PUFAs

N3 or N6

15

What are types of N3 PUFA

DHA or EPA

16

What happen to EPA as it goes through the COX pathway?

3 series PG is produced
3 series TX is produced

17

what happen to EPA as it goes through the LOX pathway

5 series LT is produces

18

what happens to ARA as it goes through the COX Pathway

2 Series PG
2 Series TX

19

What happens to ARA as it goes through the LOX pathway

4 series LT = Inflammatory

20

what is an example of an N6 PUFA

ARA

21

How is superoxide (radical) produced by?

Respiratory Burst in WBCs
Detoxification of Cytochrome P450's
Electron Transport Chain

22

How do you quench Superoxide?

Superoxide Dismutase
(requires Copper and Zinc in cytosol or Maganese in Mitochondria)

23

How is Hydrogen Peroxide (nonradical) Produced?

Respiratory Burst of WBCs
Tissue Hypoxia

24

How is Singlet Oxygen (nonradical) Produced?

Respiratory Burst of WBC's
Photooxidation (UVA absorption)

25

How do you quench Hydrogen Peroxide?

Glutathionine Peroxidase or a catalase

26

What does glutathionine Peroxidase require?

Selenium

27

What does Catalase require?

Iron

28

How is Hydroxyl Radical Produced?

Tissue Damage
Respiratory Burst in WBC

29

which is the most potent ROS

Hydroxyl Radical

30

What is ONOO-

Peroxynitrite (Superoxide + Nitric Oxide)