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Flashcards in Cardiac Anomalies Deck (20)
0

Tachycardia

> 180-200 bpm sustained

Treated with digoxin

1

Bradycardia

< 80-100 bpm sustained

Poor prognosis with ❤️ defects or hydrops

Fetal ❤️block ventricle slow rhythm.

2

Ectopic beats

1/10 beats abnl off beat. Irregular.

Affected by alcohol caffeine and nicotine

3

VSD

MC ❤️anomaly

Interruption of echoes in ventricular septum

4

ASD

Hard 2 ID bc of foramen ovale

Seen in holt oram absent thumb syndrome

5

AV Septal Defect / AV Canal / Endocardial Cushion Defect

Strong assoc with trisomy 21

VSD, ASD, Common valve (1 valve leaflet)

Poor prog

6

Hypoplastic ❤️ Syndrome

Hypoplasia of ventricle, atrium, AV valve, and great vessel of side affected.

MC on left = Hypoplastic Left ❤️ Syndrome

May have contralateral hyperplasia

See 1 side of ❤️ in 4ch view
Small ventricle and atrium of affected side
Enlargement of unaffected side
Hydrops

Lethal

7

Tetralogy of Fallot

Large VSD
Overriding aorta: aorta goes into RV instead of LV
Pulmonary stenosis
Right ventricular Hypertrophy

Assoc trisomy 21

8

Ebstein's Anomaly

Tricuspid valve displaced Inferiorly
Atrialized right ventricle
Large right atrium

Assoc with lithium use, pulmonary atresia, AV canal, transposition of great vessels, tetralogy of Fallot, coarctation of aorta, arrhythmia

9

Transposition of the Great Vessels

Complete is MC
Aorta rises from RV, pulmonary artery from LV
Outflow tracts run parallel

Assoc: VSD, ASD, patent ductus Arteriosus

10

Corrected Transposition

Ventricles reversed. ID in autopsy

11

Truncus Arteriosus

Fail to separate into AO and PA (fused), overrides both ventricles

Assoc VSD, GU, situs inversus, asplenia

12

Univentricular Heart / Double Inlet Single Ventricle

2 atria & 1 ventricle

13

Coarctation of Aorta

Structure along aortic arch
Enlg rt ventricle

Assoc turners syndrome

14

Double outlet right ventricle

Both great vessels arise from right ventricle
Assoc with septal defects

15

Ectopia Cordis

Heart out of thorax

Assoc with Pentalogy of Contrell

16

Pentalogy of Contrell

Omphalocele
Ectopia Cordis
Diaphragmatic Defect
Pericardial Defect
CV malformation: VSD, ASD, tetralogy of fallot, lt vent Diverticulum

17

Rhabdomyoma

MC ❤️neoplasm

Rhabdomyosarcoma is malignant version

18

Echogenic Intercardiac Foci

Assoc with aneuploidy

19

Total anomalous pulmonary venous return

Pulmonary vein won't connect to left atrium