Flashcards in Chapter 35: Male Reproductive and Genitourinary Tumors Deck (106)
Radiation dose range for kidney cancer?
How many new cases of bladder cancer per year?
How many deaths from bladder cancer each year?
Symptoms of bladder cancer? (2)
Change in bladder habits
percentage of metastasis in kidney cancer?
Dose for bladder cancer?
How many new cases of ureter cancer each year?
Deaths from ureter cancer each year?
Risk factors for ureter cancer? (2)
Symptoms of ureter cancer? (5)
Type of ureter cancer?
Transitional cell carcinoma
New cases of penile cancer each year?
Deaths from penile cancer each year?
Risk factors for penile cancer? (6)
Hygiene, phimosis, and smegma
Symptoms for penile cancer? (4)
Does metastasis for penile cancer occur early or late?
Bladder cancer is more common in men than in women.
Bladder cancer occurs about four times more often in men than in women
Early prostate cancer is asymptomatic.
Carcinoma of the prostate can be asymptomatic until reaching a significant size.
Hormone therapy can be used as a curative treatment for prostate cancer.
Hormone therapy is used in addition to other therapies.
Injury to the testicles is a known risk factor for developing a seminoma.
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer affecting American men.
Carcinoma of the prostate is the most common malignancy in males in the United States.
PSA is only useful in diagnosing prostate cancer.
PSA is also helpful post treatment.
Radiation therapy treatments for seminoma include the primary tumor and regional lymph nodes.
Patients with stage I testicular seminoma should receive megavoltage irradiation to the paraaortic or para-aortic and ipsilateral pelvic lymph nodes. The primary tumor has been removed and therefore is not in the treatment field.
Radiation therapy is typically used as a primary treatment option for cancers of the bladder.
Treatment of bladder cancer includes some form of surgical resection.
Scrotal irradiation is a commonly accepted practice for testicular cancer.
The 1989 Consensus Conference in Leeds, England, recommended that inguinal or scrotal irradiation be omitted even if scrotal interference has occurred.
The survival data for external beam radiotherapy and brachytherapy are better than surgery for prostate cancer when like groups are compared.
Results with both external beam radiation and radiaoisotopic implant are much the same as for surgery if like groups are compared.
Topical chemotherapy is often used when treating low staged penile cancers.
Bowen disease and erythroplasia of Queyrat can be treated with topical 5-FU (5% cream), a local excision, or superficial x-rays (4500 to 5000 cGy in 4 to 5 weeks).
Variations in rectal fullness have very little effect on the daily position of the prostate.
Exact prostate positions varies daily due to a number of factors including rectal fullness.
What is the number one cancer incidence for males in the US?