Chapter 35: Male Reproductive and Genitourinary Tumors Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 35: Male Reproductive and Genitourinary Tumors Deck (106)
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31

Radiation dose range for kidney cancer?

4500-5000 cGy

32

How many new cases of bladder cancer per year?

6700

33

How many deaths from bladder cancer each year?

1,375

34

Symptoms of bladder cancer? (2)

Hematuria
Change in bladder habits

35

percentage of metastasis in kidney cancer?

25-35%

36

Dose for bladder cancer?

4500-5000 cGy

37

How many new cases of ureter cancer each year?

2500

38

Deaths from ureter cancer each year?

690

39

Risk factors for ureter cancer? (2)

Smoking
Occupational exposures

40

Symptoms of ureter cancer? (5)

Hematuria
Pain
Mass
Obstruction
Incontinence

41

Type of ureter cancer?

Transitional cell carcinoma

42

New cases of penile cancer each year?

1500

43

Deaths from penile cancer each year?

280

44

Risk factors for penile cancer? (6)

Hygiene, phimosis, and smegma
HPV
Smoking
Psoriasis treatment
AIDS
Circumcision

45

Symptoms for penile cancer? (4)

Skin changes
-Color
-Thickness
Discharge
Ulcer
Swelling

46

Does metastasis for penile cancer occur early or late?

Late

47

Bladder cancer is more common in men than in women.

True

Bladder cancer occurs about four times more often in men than in women

48

Early prostate cancer is asymptomatic.

True

Carcinoma of the prostate can be asymptomatic until reaching a significant size.

49

Hormone therapy can be used as a curative treatment for prostate cancer.

False

Hormone therapy is used in addition to other therapies.

50

Injury to the testicles is a known risk factor for developing a seminoma.

False

51

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer affecting American men.

True

Carcinoma of the prostate is the most common malignancy in males in the United States.

52

PSA is only useful in diagnosing prostate cancer.

False

PSA is also helpful post treatment.

53

Radiation therapy treatments for seminoma include the primary tumor and regional lymph nodes.

False

Patients with stage I testicular seminoma should receive megavoltage irradiation to the paraaortic or para-aortic and ipsilateral pelvic lymph nodes. The primary tumor has been removed and therefore is not in the treatment field.

54

Radiation therapy is typically used as a primary treatment option for cancers of the bladder.

False

Treatment of bladder cancer includes some form of surgical resection.

55

Scrotal irradiation is a commonly accepted practice for testicular cancer.

False

The 1989 Consensus Conference in Leeds, England, recommended that inguinal or scrotal irradiation be omitted even if scrotal interference has occurred.

56

The survival data for external beam radiotherapy and brachytherapy are better than surgery for prostate cancer when like groups are compared.

False

Results with both external beam radiation and radiaoisotopic implant are much the same as for surgery if like groups are compared.

57

Topical chemotherapy is often used when treating low staged penile cancers.

True

Bowen disease and erythroplasia of Queyrat can be treated with topical 5-FU (5% cream), a local excision, or superficial x-rays (4500 to 5000 cGy in 4 to 5 weeks).

58

Variations in rectal fullness have very little effect on the daily position of the prostate.

False

Exact prostate positions varies daily due to a number of factors including rectal fullness.

59

What is the number one cancer incidence for males in the US?

prostate cancer

60

Prostate cancer is ___ in mortality in the US

second in mortality

lung first