Patient Care Midterm Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Patient Care Midterm Deck (40):
1

T/F: Patients should avoid physical activity since it can make them too tired to eat.

False

2

You should suggest which of the following to patients that may be having trouble eating enough:
a. Only eating three meals a day so you are hungrier at meal times
b. Avoid foods that are soft
c. Use nutritional shakes to provide extra calories and protein
d. All of the above

c. Use nutritional shakes to provide extra calories and protein

3

What is the most common side effect of cancer treatment?
a. Loss of appetite
b. Fatigue
c. Loss of hair
d. Skin Erythema

Fatigue

4

Side effects common with both chemotherapy and radiation include:
I. dehydration/electrolyte imbalance
II. food aversions
III. weight gain
IV. poor intake of food and beverage

I, II, and IV

5

Patients with nausea should avoid which of the following foods:
a. spicy, greasy, hot, and very sweet foods
b. spicy, greasy, cold, and sour
c. ice chips, crackers, and very sweet foods
d. spicy, greasy, dry, and sour

a. spicy, greasy, hot, and very sweet foods

6

Oral mucositis can result in:
a. decreased dietary intake
b. dehydration
c. malnutrition
d. All of the above

d. All of the above

7

T/F: Using a straw can make swallowing easier in the patient suffering from oral mucositis.

True

8

Taste alterations can include:
a. mouth blindness
b. meat aversion
c. increased ability to taste salt and sugar
d. all of the above

d. all of the above

9

T/F: Patients with taste aversion should avoid sour or tart foods since it can increase metallic taste in the mouth.

False

10

T/F: Constipation can cause loss of appetite and weight loss in cancer patients.

True

11

Strategies to alleviate constipation include:
a. increased fiber, increased fluid, and bed rest
b. decreased fiber, increased fluid, and exercise
c. increased fiber, increased fluid, and exercise
d. decreased fiber, increased fluid, and bed rest

c. increased fiber, increased fluid, and exercise

12

T/F: The majority (80%) of advanced cancer patients are at risk of malnutrition.

True

13

Causes of increased dietary intake requirements include:
a. cachexia, infection, wound healing
b. cachexia, infection, ascites
c. cachexia, wound healing, ascites
d. wound healing, infection, ascites

a. cachexia, infection, wound healing

14

Nutrients are lost through:
a. vomiting and diarrhea
b. hemorrhaging
c. fistulas
d. All of the above

d. All of the above

15

Management of malnutrition includes:
I. Treating side effects that may restrict intake
II. Treat depression
III. Nutritional supplements
IV. Postponing treatment until patient feels better

I, II, and III

16

T/F: Refeeding syndrome is when a patient that was eating a lower calorie diet is fed more, resulting in the patient becoming overweight.

False

17

T/F: Intravenous nutrition is best used when the gut is still working and the patient is just unwilling to increase their intake on their own.

False

18

T/F: Weight loss in cancer patients due to cachexia is particularly present with solid tumors.

True

19

T/F: Adequate nutrition can drastically increase weight in patients with cachexia as a result of their cancer.

False

20

T/F: Metabolic disturbances in patients with cachexia is due to pro-inflammatory cytokines.

True

21

T/F: The first number of blood pressure is diastolic.

False

22

What is the average temperature of an adult?

98.6

23

What is the average pulse rate of an adult?

60-80

24

What is the normal respiration rate for an adult?

10-20

25

All of the following are vital signs except:
Pulse
Respiration
Pulse oximetry
Blood Pressure


Pulse oximetry

26

Side effects from radiation therapy of the pelvis may include all of the following except:
Diarrhea
Nausea
Sore Throat
Urinary frequency

Sore Throat

27

Side effects for treating carcinoma of the nasopharynx may include all of the following except:
Sore Throat
Dysphagia
Diarrhea
Change in taste

Diarrhea

28

T/F: There are no side effects for treating skin cancer.

False

29

What side effects can be experienced by a patient that is being treated for the whole brain?
Reddening of the skin
Hair loss
Itchiness of the scalp
All of the above

All of the above

30

When lifting:
Use muscles of legs more
Use muscles of back more
use muscles of arms only
None of the above

Use muscles of legs more

31

When moving a patient who cannot use one side of their body from a wheel chair to a treatment bed, what side must be closer to the bed?

Strong side of the body closest to the bed

32

How many people do you need to move a quadriplegic patient from a gurney to a treatment bed?
2
3
4
As many as possible

As many as possible

33

How often would a patient on radiation therapy treatment be weighed?

Once a week

34

T/F: A stethoscope is the only equipment that you need to check blood pressure.

False

35

If oxygen is being administered in the department, what is a safe level for most people?
2 liters per min.
4 liters per min.
10 liters per min.
No oxygen should be administered

2 liters per min.

36

What does CBC mean?

Complete Blood Count

37

T/F: Cachexia is a wasting of both adipose tissue and skeletal muscle.

True

38

Treatment in what area of the body will utilize a low fiber diet?
Chest
Head and Neck
Pelvis
Brain

Pelvis

39

T/F: Advice given to a patient being treated for cancer of the tongue should include soft foods, nothing too hot or cold, but may eat anything else.

False

40

Apart from radiopulse, where else can a pulse be taken in an adult patient?
Carotid
Petal
Femoral
All of the above

All of the above