Final Exam Flashcards Preview

Oncology II > Final Exam > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final Exam Deck (66):
1

Which of the following cancers would most likely be seen in a child?
a. retinoblastoma
b. primary brain
c. osteosarcoma
d. hodgkin's disease (HD)

b. Primary Brain

2

Children are most likely to develop which type of leukemia?

ALL

3

Ewing sarcomas are cancers of which organ?

Bone

4

Rhabdomyosarcomas are cancers of which organ?

Mesenchymal

5

The craniospinal treatment technique is used to treat what specific type of pediatric cancer?

Medulloblastoma

6

What is the most common presenting symptom of a soft tissue sarcoma of the extremity?

Mass

7

What is the most common intracranial tumor in children?

Astrocytoma

8

Which pediatric cancer has the best overall survival?

Hodgkin's Disease

9

Which area is most likely to develop rhabdomyosarcoma?

Head and Neck

10

Which pediatric cancer spreads through the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)?

Medulloblastoma

11

Which pediatric cancer occurs in the testes and ovaries?

Germ Cell Tumor

12

Wilms’ tumors are cancers of which organ?

Kidney

13

Medulloblastomas typically begin in which area of the brain?

Cerebellum

14

Which pediatric brain tumor often mimics medulloblastomas?

Ependymomas

15

The most common pediatric cancer is _________________.

Acute Leukemia

16

Anatomically, the radiation treatment area most common for Wilms’ tumor is the

Abdomen

17

Which of the following has the highest incidence in children?
a. retinoblastoma
b. neuroblastomy
c. ALL
d. wilms' tumor

c. ALL

18

The spleen is commonly associated with which of the following blood cell types?

Red Blood Cells

19

. What is the most common presenting symptom of HD?

Painless Mass

20

What is the most common long-term side effect of total lymphoid irradiation?

Secondary Malignancy

21

Which lymphoma is most common in young African males?

Burkitt Lymphoma

22

Which of the following are large lymphoid cells that contain multiple nuclei and are often used to determine the presence of Hodgkin Lymphoma?

Reed-sternberg Cells

23

Hodgkin lymphoma rates are highest in which age range?

20-34

24

Non-hodgkin lymphoma rates are highest in which age range?

65-84

25

What is the current 3-year survival rate of patient with GBM?

2.2%

26

What is the most common type of brain tumor?________________________________

Metastatic

27

What grade are GBMS?______________

IV

28

What is the most common source of brain metastases?___________

Lung

29

Which of the following cells are responsible for myelin production?

Schwann Cells

30

Which of the following factors can limit the usefulness of surgery for CNS neoplasms?
a. Tumor location and extent
b. Patient status
c. Risk of causing neurologic damage
d. All of the above

d. All o the above

31

Which portion of the brain is the site of intelligence and judgement? _________

Cerebrum

32

. Which of the following conditions id a contraindication for stereotactic radiosurgery?

5 lesions

33

In which portion of the CNS do most CNS tumors occur?__________

Cerebrum

34

What is the most common grade of gliomas? _________

High

35

What is the five-year survival rate for all CNS tumors combined?___________

35 percent

36

Which of the following is most significant to the prognosis of brain tumors?
A) Tumor size
B) Lymph node involvement
C) Metastases
D) Grade

D) Grade

37

What defines the inferior field border for the treatment of the whole brain for palliation?________

Superior Orbital ridge and the external auditory meatus

38

A mantle field is used to treat which type of cancer?___________

Hodgkin's Disease

39

In what general anatomical location is Waldeyer ring located?_______

Mouth

40

The abdominal para-aortic treatment portal includes what organ?

Spleen

41

What landmark is typically used to determine the lower border of the mantle field?

T10

42

What landmark is typically used to determine the lower border of the abdominal portion of the inverted-Y field?

L4-L5

43

What stage is a Hodgkin lymphoma affecting only the right cervical lymph nodes?________________

Stage I

44

What stage is a Hodgkin lymphoma that involves SCV lymph nodes and the spleen?______________

Stage III

45

What stage is a Hodkin lymphoma with extralymphatic extension?_________

Stage IV

46

What stage is a Hodgkin lymphoma affecting two lymph node groups on the same side of the diaphragm?__________________

Stage II

47

Which treatment field for HD includes the inguinal lymph node chain?

Inverted Y (pelvic portion)

48

Which treatment field for HD includes the axillary lymph node chain?______

Mantle

49

Which treatment field for HD includes the retroperitoneal lymph node chain?_______

Inverted Y (pelvic portion)

50

Which of the following is not a B symptom?

Diarrhea

51

Which of the following organs is most closely associated with the lymphatic system?

Spleen

52

What is the most common presenting symptom of HD?______

Painless Mass

53

T/F Follicular lymphoma is the most common form of NHL

False

54

T/F NHLs are highly curable.

False

55

T/F NHLs are adequately staged using the Ann Arbor staging system.

False

56

T/F Infections with certain viruses are a risk factor for HD.

True

57

T/F T2 lesions are the most common stage of primary brain tumors.

False

58

T/F metastatic brain lesions are more common in children that are primary brain tumors.

False

59

T/F Radiation necrosis of brain tissue occurs with doses higher than 6000 cGy.

True

60

T/F Primary brain lesions are the leading cause of cancer related deaths in children.

False

61

T/F Retinoblastoma is the most common cancer in children.

False

62

What area is lymphoma most common?

Cervical Nodes

63

From which cells to medulloblastomas arise?

Primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET)

64

What is the most common CNS tumor in children?

Medulloblastoma

65

Which tumors spread through the cerebral spinal fluid?

Medulloblastoma

66

Which of the following is a late effect of brain irradiation in children?

Decreased IQ