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Oncology II > Final Exam > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final Exam Deck (66)
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1

Which of the following cancers would most likely be seen in a child?
a. retinoblastoma
b. primary brain
c. osteosarcoma
d. hodgkin's disease (HD)

b. Primary Brain

2

Children are most likely to develop which type of leukemia?

ALL

3

Ewing sarcomas are cancers of which organ?

Bone

4

Rhabdomyosarcomas are cancers of which organ?

Mesenchymal

5

The craniospinal treatment technique is used to treat what specific type of pediatric cancer?

Medulloblastoma

6

What is the most common presenting symptom of a soft tissue sarcoma of the extremity?

Mass

7

What is the most common intracranial tumor in children?

Astrocytoma

8

Which pediatric cancer has the best overall survival?

Hodgkin's Disease

9

Which area is most likely to develop rhabdomyosarcoma?

Head and Neck

10

Which pediatric cancer spreads through the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)?

Medulloblastoma

11

Which pediatric cancer occurs in the testes and ovaries?

Germ Cell Tumor

12

Wilms’ tumors are cancers of which organ?

Kidney

13

Medulloblastomas typically begin in which area of the brain?

Cerebellum

14

Which pediatric brain tumor often mimics medulloblastomas?

Ependymomas

15

The most common pediatric cancer is _________________.

Acute Leukemia

16

Anatomically, the radiation treatment area most common for Wilms’ tumor is the

Abdomen

17

Which of the following has the highest incidence in children?
a. retinoblastoma
b. neuroblastomy
c. ALL
d. wilms' tumor

c. ALL

18

The spleen is commonly associated with which of the following blood cell types?

Red Blood Cells

19

. What is the most common presenting symptom of HD?

Painless Mass

20

What is the most common long-term side effect of total lymphoid irradiation?

Secondary Malignancy

21

Which lymphoma is most common in young African males?

Burkitt Lymphoma

22

Which of the following are large lymphoid cells that contain multiple nuclei and are often used to determine the presence of Hodgkin Lymphoma?

Reed-sternberg Cells

23

Hodgkin lymphoma rates are highest in which age range?

20-34

24

Non-hodgkin lymphoma rates are highest in which age range?

65-84

25

What is the current 3-year survival rate of patient with GBM?

2.2%

26

What is the most common type of brain tumor?________________________________

Metastatic

27

What grade are GBMS?______________

IV

28

What is the most common source of brain metastases?___________

Lung

29

Which of the following cells are responsible for myelin production?

Schwann Cells

30

Which of the following factors can limit the usefulness of surgery for CNS neoplasms?
a. Tumor location and extent
b. Patient status
c. Risk of causing neurologic damage
d. All of the above

d. All o the above