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Flashcards in Midterm Deck (61):
1

In which salivary gland do most salivary cancers occur?

Parotid

2

Radiation therapy of which of the following cancers does not include regional lymph nodes?
a. Early staged parotid
b. Early staged larynx
c. Early staged nasopharynx
d. All of the above include regional lymph nodes

Early staged larynx

3

What structure of the neck is also known as the glottis?

True vocal cords

4

What is the name of the leaf-shaped cartilage that protects the larynx?

Epiglottis

5

What is commonly referred to as the voice box?

Larynx

6

What is the most common histologic type of head and neck cancer?

Squamous Cell Carcinoma

7

What is the most common form of larynx cancer?

Squamous Cell

8

What condition frequently develops in users of smokeless tobacco?

Leukoplakia

9

What is the most common presenting symptom of larynx cancer?

Hoarseness

10

Which of the following is a function of saliva?
a. Lubricate the food bolus
b. Digestion
c. Oral hygiene
d. All of the above

All of the above

11

Which salivary gland is associated with the Stensen duct?

Parotid

12

Which of the following is not considered a risk factor for larynx cancer?
a. Epstein-Barr virus
b. Poor nutrition
c. Alcohol abuse
d. Human papillomavirus

Epstein-Barr Virus

13

Which anatomic structure contains the true vocal cords?

Glottis

14

Which of the following is not a division of the pharynx?
a. Parapharynx
b. Nasopharynx
c. Oropharynx
d. Laryngopharynx

Parapharynx

15

T/F: Collectively, head and neck cancers are more common in women than men.

False

16

T/F: Over the past decade, the incidence of larynx cancers is on the rise.

False

17

T/F: Most larynx cancers are discovered early.

True

18

T/F: Most salivary glad cancers are squamous cell carcinomas.

False (Adenocarcinomas)

19

T/F: Laser excision is the most common treatment for T3 laryngeal cancers.

False

20

T/F: Xerostomia is a common side effect associated with traditional radiation therapy for early larynx cancer.

False

21

Which cancer can be treated using a water bath to provide dose homogeneity by compensating for the irregular surface with tissue-equivalent material?

Penis

22

Cancer of which urinary organ is most common?

Bladder

23

What is the most common form of kidney cancer?

Transitional Cell Carcinoma

24

What is the most common form of penile cancer?

Squamous Cell Carcinoma

25

What is the primary treatment option for kidney cancer?

Surgery

26

Kidney carcinoma can be attributed to which of the following?
I. Cigarette use
II. Obesity
III. Betel nut chewing

I and II

27

What is the most common presenting symptom of CA kidney?

Hematuria

28

When treating bladder cancer with surgery, what is a TUR?

Trans Urethral Resection

29

In radiation Therapy, when treating the bladder, it is usually:
a. Full
b. Empty
c. Almost empty
d. It does not matter

Empty

30

What is the most common risk factor for kidney cancer?

Smoking

31

What is Gerota's fascia?

The covering of the kidney

32

What are common sites for metastases from CA Bladder?
a. Lung
b. Bone
c. Liver
d. All of the above

All of the above

33

What is the most common site of metastases from kidney cancer?

Lung

34

T/F: Bladder cancer is more common in men than women.

True

35

T/F: Radiation Therapy is typically used as a primary treatment option for cancer of the bladder.

False

36

T/F: Topical chemotherapy is often used when treating low stage penile cancer.

True

37

At what age should women of normal risk begin having regular annual screening mammograms?

40

38

What does DCIS stand for?

Ductal Carcinoma in situ

39

Cacinoma in situ is at what stage?

stageZero

40

Inflammatory breast cancer is always classified as which T stage?

T4D

41

The lower border of the breast extends to which rib?

Sixth

42

In what quadrant do most breast cancers occur?

Upper outer quadrant (right breast)

43

What ligament holds the breast in place?

Cooper

44

What stage is a 6-cm breast cancer in the upper inner quadrant?

T3

45

Which of the following techniques may be used to adequately irradiate the internal mammary (IM) lymph nodes while limiting the exposure to other organs?
a. Anterior posterior (AP) 6 MV only
b. Anterior posterior (AP) photon/electron combination
c. Anterior posterior (AP) 6 MeV only
d. Extended medial tangent

Anterior posterior (AP) photon/electron combination

46

T/F: Chemotherapy is an effective treatment for salivary gland tumors.

False

47

T/F: Primary function of the oral cavity is respiration.

False

48

T/F: Bladder cancer is more common in men than women.

True

49

T/F: Radiation Therapy is typically used as primary treatment option for cancers of the bladder.

False

50

T/F: Topical chemotherapy is often used when treating low stage penile cancers.

True

51

T/F: A woman's risk of developing breast cancer is 1 in 8.

True

52

T/F: Breast implants at an early age increases a woman's risk for developing breast cancer.

False

53

T/F: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women.

True

54

T/F: Breast cancer risks such as hormonal variables, early menarchy, and late menopause increase your risk, while oopherectomy before 50 decreases the risk.

True

55

T/F: External beam radiation therapy for breast cancer irradiates the entire breast regardless of the tumor size.

True (if you're doing external)

56

T/F: Inverted nipples are always an indication of breast cancer.

False

57

T/F: Most breast lumps feel hard and have irregular edges.

False

58

T/F: Most breast cancers are infiltrating ductal carcinomas.

True

59

T/F: Radiation Therapy is the only treatment necessary for T1 and T2 breast cancers.

False (Lumpectomy first)

60

T/F: Posterior axillary boost field delivers 180 cGy to the axillary lymph nodes.

True

61

A woman’s risk of developing breast cancer in the United States is ____________.

1 in 8