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Flashcards in patient care final Deck (64)
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1

Select the drugs that may be prescribed to relieve anxiety.
I. Ativan
II. Valium
III. Librium
IV. Prozac
a. I, II, and IV
b. I, II, and III
c. II, III, and IV
d. I, II, III, and IV

b. I, II, and III

2

Select potential reasons why a patient may be unable to take oral preparations of a drug.
a. The patient is experiencing nausea and vomiting.
b. The patient has difficulty in swallowing.
c. The patient refuses to swallow medication.
d. All of the above apply

d. All of the above apply

3

The abbreviation BID stands for which of the following?
a. After meals
b. Before meals
c. Twice daily
d. Once daily

c. Twice daily

4

An allergic reaction to the administration of certain drugs may cause urticaria. Urticaria describes ________________.

Hives

5

Intrathecal administration means that medications are injected directly into which of the following?

Spinal Canal

6

Which of the following radioactive isotopes is used in radiation therapy?
a. Strontium 89
b. Technetium 99
c. Fluorine 18
d. Hydrogen 3

a. Strontium 89

7

Opioid medications are prescribed for the purpose of which of the following?
a. Preventing nausea and vomiting
b. Treating allergic reactions
c. Reducing inflammation
d. Relieving pain

d. Relieving pain

8

The name given to a medication by the manufacturer is called its _______________ name.

generic

9

The type of drug given to cancer patients to relieve nausea and vomiting is a(n):

Antiemetic

10

The abbreviation “qod” stands for:

Every other day

11

Which of the following is the correct category for the drug Imodium?
a. Analgesic
b. Antidiarrheal
c. Antianxiety
d. Anticoagulant

b. Antidiarrheal

12

Which drug would be given to a patient who needs a blood thinner?
a. Dilantin
b. Decadron
c. Heparin
d. Zoloft

c. Heparin

13

he escape of fluid from a vessel into the surrounding tissue, which can cause localized vasoconstriction, is termed:
a. Anaphylaxis
b. Extravasation
c. Edema
d. Hematoma

Extravasation

14

Medications used to regulate blood glucose levels include insulin and metformin. These medications are classified as:
a. Anitiarrythmics
b. Anticonvulsants
c. Analgesics
d. Hypoglycemic agents


Hypoglycemic Agents

15

Narcan is an antagonist drug that may be given to an overdose of a(n) _________ medication.
a. Opiate
b. Benzodiazepine
c. Anticholinergic
d. Hypoglycemic

Opiate

16

A common medication that is classed as both a tranquilizer and an anticonvulsant is:
a. Meperidine
b. Diphenhydramine
c. Betadine
d. Diazepam

Diazepam

17

Adrenalin is the trade name for which of the following:
a. Dopamine
b. Epinephrine
c. Ephedrine
d. Caffeine

Epinephrine

18

T/F All medications are drugs, but not all drugs are medications.

True

19

Which of the following emergencies is a therapist least likely to encounter?
a. Asthma attack
b. Pulmonary edema
c. Choking
d. Cardiac arrest

c. Choking

20

Which of the following is used to treat edema?
a. Muscle relaxant
b. Diuretic
c. Antihypertensives
d. Vasodialators

b. Diuretic

21

Which of the following are chemotherapeutic agents?
a. antifungals
b. radioactive isotopes
c. antineoplastic drugs
d. None of the above

c. antineoplastic drugs

22

T/F It is the therapist’s job to explain the reason the procedure is needed to the patient.

False

23

T/F IV therapy is extremely safe when proper precautions are taken, so the infusion set only needs to be changed every two weeks.

False

24

T/F The most common complaints leading to malpractice suits in radiology and oncology are false-negative and false-positive diagnoses of fractures or cancers and the misadministration of contrast media.

True

25

T/F The general consent from the patient signs when entering a health care facility covers all radiation therapy procedures the patient may need.

False

26

What is the most important way to prevent the spread of infection?

Hand washing

27

CDC stands for the _________________________.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

28

Which of the following describes sources of nosocomial infections?
a. Carpet in a radiation oncology department
b. Fresh or dried flowers
c. Pen used to apply marks used on all patients
d. Both b and c
e. All of the above

e. All of the above

29

All of the following statements describe the use of Standard Precautions except which of the following?
a. Wear gloves when touching blood and body fluids.
b. No hand washing is necessary if using gloves.
c. Use mouthpieces when performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).
d. Never recap used needles.

b. No hand washing is necessary if using gloves.

30

Recommended vaccines for health care workers include all exceptwhich of the following?
a. Hepatitis B
b. Varicella
c. Measles, mumps, rubella
d. Annual influenza
e. All of the above vaccines are recommended

e. All of the above vaccines are recommended