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Flashcards in patient care final Deck (64):
1

Select the drugs that may be prescribed to relieve anxiety.
I. Ativan
II. Valium
III. Librium
IV. Prozac
a. I, II, and IV
b. I, II, and III
c. II, III, and IV
d. I, II, III, and IV

b. I, II, and III

2

Select potential reasons why a patient may be unable to take oral preparations of a drug.
a. The patient is experiencing nausea and vomiting.
b. The patient has difficulty in swallowing.
c. The patient refuses to swallow medication.
d. All of the above apply

d. All of the above apply

3

The abbreviation BID stands for which of the following?
a. After meals
b. Before meals
c. Twice daily
d. Once daily

c. Twice daily

4

An allergic reaction to the administration of certain drugs may cause urticaria. Urticaria describes ________________.

Hives

5

Intrathecal administration means that medications are injected directly into which of the following?

Spinal Canal

6

Which of the following radioactive isotopes is used in radiation therapy?
a. Strontium 89
b. Technetium 99
c. Fluorine 18
d. Hydrogen 3

a. Strontium 89

7

Opioid medications are prescribed for the purpose of which of the following?
a. Preventing nausea and vomiting
b. Treating allergic reactions
c. Reducing inflammation
d. Relieving pain

d. Relieving pain

8

The name given to a medication by the manufacturer is called its _______________ name.

generic

9

The type of drug given to cancer patients to relieve nausea and vomiting is a(n):

Antiemetic

10

The abbreviation “qod” stands for:

Every other day

11

Which of the following is the correct category for the drug Imodium?
a. Analgesic
b. Antidiarrheal
c. Antianxiety
d. Anticoagulant

b. Antidiarrheal

12

Which drug would be given to a patient who needs a blood thinner?
a. Dilantin
b. Decadron
c. Heparin
d. Zoloft

c. Heparin

13

he escape of fluid from a vessel into the surrounding tissue, which can cause localized vasoconstriction, is termed:
a. Anaphylaxis
b. Extravasation
c. Edema
d. Hematoma

Extravasation

14

Medications used to regulate blood glucose levels include insulin and metformin. These medications are classified as:
a. Anitiarrythmics
b. Anticonvulsants
c. Analgesics
d. Hypoglycemic agents


Hypoglycemic Agents

15

Narcan is an antagonist drug that may be given to an overdose of a(n) _________ medication.
a. Opiate
b. Benzodiazepine
c. Anticholinergic
d. Hypoglycemic

Opiate

16

A common medication that is classed as both a tranquilizer and an anticonvulsant is:
a. Meperidine
b. Diphenhydramine
c. Betadine
d. Diazepam

Diazepam

17

Adrenalin is the trade name for which of the following:
a. Dopamine
b. Epinephrine
c. Ephedrine
d. Caffeine

Epinephrine

18

T/F All medications are drugs, but not all drugs are medications.

True

19

Which of the following emergencies is a therapist least likely to encounter?
a. Asthma attack
b. Pulmonary edema
c. Choking
d. Cardiac arrest

c. Choking

20

Which of the following is used to treat edema?
a. Muscle relaxant
b. Diuretic
c. Antihypertensives
d. Vasodialators

b. Diuretic

21

Which of the following are chemotherapeutic agents?
a. antifungals
b. radioactive isotopes
c. antineoplastic drugs
d. None of the above

c. antineoplastic drugs

22

T/F It is the therapist’s job to explain the reason the procedure is needed to the patient.

False

23

T/F IV therapy is extremely safe when proper precautions are taken, so the infusion set only needs to be changed every two weeks.

False

24

T/F The most common complaints leading to malpractice suits in radiology and oncology are false-negative and false-positive diagnoses of fractures or cancers and the misadministration of contrast media.

True

25

T/F The general consent from the patient signs when entering a health care facility covers all radiation therapy procedures the patient may need.

False

26

What is the most important way to prevent the spread of infection?

Hand washing

27

CDC stands for the _________________________.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

28

Which of the following describes sources of nosocomial infections?
a. Carpet in a radiation oncology department
b. Fresh or dried flowers
c. Pen used to apply marks used on all patients
d. Both b and c
e. All of the above

e. All of the above

29

All of the following statements describe the use of Standard Precautions except which of the following?
a. Wear gloves when touching blood and body fluids.
b. No hand washing is necessary if using gloves.
c. Use mouthpieces when performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).
d. Never recap used needles.

b. No hand washing is necessary if using gloves.

30

Recommended vaccines for health care workers include all exceptwhich of the following?
a. Hepatitis B
b. Varicella
c. Measles, mumps, rubella
d. Annual influenza
e. All of the above vaccines are recommended

e. All of the above vaccines are recommended

31

When should gloves be worn?
a. When handling the hand pendant
b. When blood and body fluids are present
c. Instead of washing hands all day
d. All of the above

b. When blood and body fluids are present

32

Which of the following is the term used to indicate the number of antibodies present in a blood sample?
a. Vaccine
b. Titers
c. Pathogens
d. Antibiotics

b. Titers

33

A person who is colonized but not ill is known as a ________________.
a. host
b. carrier
c. vector
d. fomite

b. carrier

34

34. Hepatitis B is a virus transmitted mainly through which of the following?
a. Contact with blood and body fluids
b. Indirect contact with airborne droplets
c. Direct contact with respiratory droplets
d. Common vehicle or fomite exposure

a. Contact with blood and body fluids

35

An OSHA-approved respiratory mask is required for use by health care workers at high risk of being exposed to which of the
following?
a. Hepatitis B
b. Hepatitis C
c. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus(MRSA)
d. Tuberculosis (TB)

d. Tuberculosis (TB)

36

Yeasts are a type of:
a. Bacteria
b. Mold
c. Fungus
d. Prion

c. Fungus

37

Tuberculosis, strep throat, and necrotizing fasciitis are diseases caused by:
a. Fungi
b. Prions
c. Protozoa
d. Bacteria

d. Bacteria

38

The term nosocomial applies to infection that are:
a. Caused by viruses
b. Hospital acquired
c. Caused by normal flora in persons weakened by other diseases
d. Transmitted by droplet contamination

b. Hospital acquired

39

HAI stands for an infection that was formerly known as:

Nosocomial

40

The most complete source of information about infectious disease in the US is the:

CDC

41

Mucocutaneous Candida, disseminated herpes, cytomegalovirus, and Pneumocytosis carinii pneumonia are all examples of:
a. HAIs
b. Multi-drug resistant infection
c. Opportunistic infections associated with AIDS
d. Airborne diseases

c. Opportunistic infections associated with AIDS

42

Under the system of protective precautions, the “dirty” technologist touches the”
a. X-ray equipment
b. Patient
c. Covered image receptor
d. A and C

b. Patient

43

T/F About 20% of patients receiving antibiotics develop C. difficile.

True

44

T/F You can contract HBV if you have an open wound and touch a contaminated surface.

True

45

Which of the following is a governmental agency that legally oversees job safety and health protection of workers?
a. CDC
b. DEA
c. JSHP
d. OSHA

OSHA

46

The concept known as universal precautions best applies to:
a. All body fluids
b. All patients
c. All blood and other certain fluids in all patients
d. All patients and all body fluids

c. All blood and other certain fluids in all patients

47

Alcohol-based hand rubs are indicated for all of the following clinical situations except:
a. When the hands are visibly soiled
b. Preoperative cleaning of hands by surgical personnel
c. Before inserting urinary catheters, intravascular catheters, or other invasive devices
d. After removing gloves

a. When the hands are visibly soiled

48

T/F Epidemiology is the name for the medical science field that studies the incidence, distribution, and determinants of disease.

True

49

T/F When administering an ink tattoo, you can reuse the same ink syringe as long as the needle is changed.

False

50

T/F Fingernails are the primary reservoir of microflora on the hands, even after intense washing.

True

51

T/F While gloves should always be removed before answering the phone or operating the console, it is okay to operate the couch controls with your gloves on since you will wipe it down with alcohol wipes between patients anyway.

False

52

T/F Bolus can be used on multiple patients as long as it is cleaned with alcohol wipes between uses.

False

53

T/F You should never recap a needle, but instead discard it in a sharps container.

True

54

T/F Objects contaminated with blood or body fluids must be discarded in a suitable container and marked with a biohazard symbol.

True

55

T/F Leukopenia is a reduction in platelets

False

56

Thrombocytopenia is a reduction in ________________________

Platelets

57

The affective responses that occur most commonly among cancer patients are ______________________________________.

Anxiety and depression

58

Marasmus is __________________________.

Calorie malnutrition

59

_____________ pain is the persistence of pain for longer than 3 months with a less well-defined onset.

Chronic

60

Nonspecific side effects include all except:
a. Fatigue
b. Pain
c. Weight loss
d. Sleep

b. Pain

61

Skin reactions include all except:
a. Erythema
b. Alopecia
c. Dry desquamation
d. Moist desquamation

b. Alopecia

62

What is the first duty of a therapist if a patient has an adverse reaction to a drug?
a. Locate emergency supplies.
b. Begin cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).
c. Call a code.
d. Observe the patient carefully.

c. Call a code.

63

Select the most serious allergic reaction to a drug.
a. Light rash
b. Hives
c. Nausea
d. Cardiac or respiratory arrest

d. Cardiac or respiratory arrest

64

Which of the following terms describes the complete destruction or elimination of all living microorganisms?
a. Medical asepsis
b. Sterilization
c. Vaccine
d. Asepsis

b. Sterilization