Salivary Gland Flashcards Preview

Oncology II > Salivary Gland > Flashcards

Flashcards in Salivary Gland Deck (24):
1

Is risk of salivary gland tumors more likely in males or females?

Males (Almost equal though)

2

What fraction of parotid tumors are malignant?

1/3 or less

3

Benign tumors of the salivary gland occur around what age?

40 years old

4

Malignant neoplasms of the salivary glands occur in what age?

55 years on average

5

What role do the salivary glands play part in (2)?

- Digestion
- Tooth protection

6

What is the largest of the 3 salivary glands?

Parotid

7

What are 3 salivary gland tumor presenting symptoms?

- Localized swelling and pain
- Facial palsy
- Rapid growth

8

Does chemotherapy help salivary gland tumors?

No
(poor response and does not improve survival)

9

What percent of all head and neck cancers are salivary gland tumors?

3-4% (Rare)

10

What surgery treatment is used for salivary gland tumors (3)?

- Parotidectomy
- Submandibular & sublingual gland surgery
- Frey's Syndrome

11

What percent of salivary gland tumors are malignant?

65-85%

12

Most common cell types for malignant tumors of the salivary gland?

- Adenoid Cystic
- Mucoepidermoid
- Adenocarcinoma

13

What fraction of parotid gland tumors are benign?

More than 2/3

14

Metastatic disease of salivary gland tumors include (2):

- Lung
- Bone

15

True/False:
There is an increasing number of patients with advanced disease of salivary gland tumor at diagnosis.

True

16

Is cancer of the salivary gland rare or common?

Rare

17

Deaths annually from salivary gland cancers?

700

18

Risk factors for salivary gland cancers (5)?

- Radiation
- Occupational exposure
- Diet
- Tobacco
- Family History

19

Locations of salivary gland cancer (4):

- Parotid
- Submandibular
- Sublingual
- Minor salivary glands

20

Symptoms for salivary gland cancer (4)?

- Mass
- Pain
- Facial asymmetry
- Numbness

21

What is the site of highest incidence rate of salivary gland tumors?

Parotid (80-90%)

22

What 3 large major glands does the salivary glands consist of?

- Parotid
- Submandibular
- Sublingual

23

True/False:
Parotid gland tumors in adults are more likely to be malignant compared with the same tumors in children.

False (More likely to be malignant in children)

24

True/False:
Female patients with a history of carcinoma of the major salivary glands have an incidence rate of breast cancer that is 8 higher than that of the population.

True