Chapter 35: Male Reproductive and Genitourinary Tumors Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 35: Male Reproductive and Genitourinary Tumors Deck (106)
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61

Who presents later stage and have worse prognosis than caucasians?

african americans

62

Overall prostate cancer is a ____ growing malignancy

slow

63

What is the average age of onset for prostate?

60 years

64

What are side effects of a box field technique?

cystitis, proctitis, diarrhea, dysuria

65

What does a full bladder do?

decreases bladder dose and displaces small bowel in lateral fields

66

What male cancer has a low occurrence but is the most common male cancer for 15 to 35 year old males?

Testicular

67

Is testicular cancer more common in Caucasian or african americans?

Caucasian

68

Is Penile cancer common in the US?

no, rare in the US but higher incidence in Asia, Africa, South America

69

What is the age range for penile cancer?

range from 22 to 90
generally a disease of older men
in the US 29% were younger than 30 years old

70

What is etiology for penile cancer?

no circumcision at birth
Phimosis
poor hygiene, smegma
HPV
Ultraviolet radiation
smoking

71

What is the most common pathology of penile cancer?

Squamous Cell Carcinoma

72

The most common cancer of germinal origin of the testis is?

seminoma

73

Testicular cancers are most frequently diagnosed in men aged

15 to 35

74

Gleason developed a grading system based on the degree of differentiation seen in tissue samples. His system uses ____ different histologic patterns

5

75

Of the following tumors, which would require the lowest dose to control disease?

testis

76

When irradiating seminoma stages I, IA IB the following nodes should be incldued:
a. paraaortic
b. Ipsilateral iliac
c. mediastinal
d. scalene

a paraaortic and b ipsilateral iliac

77

The most common histologic type found in prostate cancer is

adenocarcinoma

78

Brachytherapy in the management of prostate cancer would be

LDR interstitial

79

The patient complaining of diarrhea should be advised to

avoid high fiber foods

80

The inguinal nodes should be included in RT fields for

penile

81

What is in the urinary system?

kidney and bladder

82

What age is median age of onset of kidney (renal) cancer?

55 to 60 years old

83

Men are affected twice as much w kidney cancer as women?

True

84

Where are bladder cancers more common?

high incidence in industrial cities

85

Men are 2.5 times more likely than women to get bladder cancer?

True

86

What is the median age of bladder cancer?

68

87

What is usually the cause of death in bladder cancer patients?

liver failure and uremia

88

What is cystectomy?

Cystectomy is the surgical removal of all or part of the bladder.

89

Which of the following examinations are best used in the detection of bladder cancer?

TURB
Urine cytology
cytoscopy

90

most bladder cancers arise in the

posterior wall
lateral wall
trigone