CKD epidimeology in the west Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in CKD epidimeology in the west Deck (16):
1

What is the meaning behind the prevalence of a disease?

Balance of the number of people with the disease and the factors affecting the incidence of the disease

2

What are the factors affecting the incidence of CKD?

Increasing with sendentary, aging population

Diabetes and hypertension

3

What are the fators affecting the number of people with CKD?

There is increased survival of CKD

Lower risk of death from contributing diseases

4

Why is there increased recognition of CKD?

CKD is a term only widely used in the UK for the last 10 years

Multiple campaigns have raised awareness

5

Increased recognition of CKD has increased its prevalence

TRUE or FALSE

TRUE

Since more are aware of the disease, it has been diagnosed more often

6

What value does diagnosis of CKD depend on?

GFR

7

What are the three types of CKD?

CKD 1

CKD 2

CKD 3

8

Who are the major contributors to CKD 3?

Elderly

9

Characteristics of CKD 1 and 2

Not based on eGFR

Similar prevalence between age groups

Based on abnormality of the kidneys

10

What are contributing factors to CKD?

Age

Ethnicity - higher prevalence in black and asian population

11

What does the concept of competing risks of death refer to?

Age, CKD and risk of death are related

Young person with CKD = risk of death from renal replacemnt therapy > risk from other causes

Old person with CKD = risk of death from renal replacement therapy < risk of death from other sources

12

What is more cost-effective, treating the complications of CKD or treating end-stage renal failure?

Treating the complications of CKD

13

What are the complications of CKD?

Anaemia

Bone disease

14

What are the costs of the complications of CKD?

Outpatient care

Medication - anaemia, blood pressure, bone disorder

Acute kidney injury

15

How can we prevent AKI?

Easily preventable

Timely withdrawal of medication

Adequate hydration

16

What is the treatment for AKI?

Emergency renal replacement therapy