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Flashcards in development Deck (53)
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0

How much of birthweight does a newborn lose and when is it regained?

Average loss of 10% and should regain by 3rd week

1

When does birthweight double?

5 months

2

What is the average height of a newborn?

50 cm

3

When does birth length double? When does it triple?

Age 4
Age 13

4

What happens to birth length by age 1?

Goes up by 50%

5

What is the average head circumference of a full term newborn?

35 cm

6

What is the normal growth of head circumference for the first 12 months ?

1 cm per month until 6 months old
1/2 cm per month until 12 months old

7

What is macrocephaly?

Head at 98th% - considered normal

8

What is hydrocephaly?

Large head since birth with signs of neurological problem

9

What is the definition of microcephaly?

>3 standard deviations below the mean

10

What are 4 major organic causes of failure to thrive?

Chronic renal failure
Metabolic disorder
Inadequate absorption
Inadequate utilization

11

What is the appropriate growth per year in children over age 1?

5cm/year

12

What are the 3 most common causes of intellectual disability?

Fetal alcohol syndrome
Fragile x syndrome
Down syndrome

13

What are the IQ scores in patients with severe intellectual disability?

<34

14

What are the IQ scores for mild and moderate intellectual disability?

Mild 50-69
Moderate 35-49

15

What is the condition in which a child has normal development until age 1 and then regresses?

Rett syndrome

16

Up until what age is it normal for a child to have difficulty pronouncing certain consonants?

Age 6

17

What should you do for an 18 month old with language delay?

Hearing test then referral to speech

18

Up until what age is letter reversal normal?

Age 7

19

When should a child know how to read simple words?

End of first grade

20

What two types of medications can alter school performance ?

Anticonvulsants
Antihistamines

21

What should you consider in a patient with normal IQ but below normal scores on achievement testing?

Specific learning disability

22

What should be the first consideration in a patient with poor school performance?

Medical conditions or emotional issues

23

An infant is cooing and lifts head and shoulders off bed...how old is he?

2 months

24

When should head lag disappear?

5 months

25

When does Moro reflex disappear?

3-6 months

26

A child can roll from prone to supine and laughs, how old is he?

4 months

27

A child turns directly to a voice and rolls both directions, how old is he?

6 months

28

A child responds to his name and plays peek a boo, how old is he?

9 months

29

A child can say mama specifically and points for requests a what age?

Age 1