Heart stuff - aa Flashcards Preview

Clin Med Pediatrics - Ashley & Lauren > Heart stuff - aa > Flashcards

Flashcards in Heart stuff - aa Deck (17)
1

Most common congenital malformation.

Ventricular septal defect

2

Usually well-tolerated until mid-late adulthood.

Atrial septal defect

3

Usually closes 1-5 days after birth.

patent ductus arteriosus

4

Cyanotic newborn without respiratory distress.

Transposition of the great arteries

5

Common in infants with Down syndrome.

A/V septal defect

6

In a preterm infant, this medication will close up to 90% of patent ductus arteriosus defects.

Indomethacin

7

Surgery should be done to correct this within the first 14 days of life.

Transposition of the great arteries

8

Surgery should be done to correct this within the first year of life.

A/V septal defect

9

Absent or diminished femoral pulses.

Coarctation of the aorta

10

Requires complete surgical repair (open heart surgery) during neonatal period.

Tetralogy of Fallot

11

Narrowing of the aortic arch near the ductus arteriosus.

Coarctation of the aorta

12

Upper to lower extremity systolic blood pressure gradient more than 20 mm Hg.

Coarctation of the aorta

13

"Figure 3" sign on CXR

Coarctation of the aorta

14

IM Pen G every month for at least 5 years.

To prevent recurrent rheumatic fever

15

Jones criteria used for diagnosis

rheumatic fever

16

What are the Jones major criteria?

1. carditis
2. polyarthritis
3. Sydenham chorea
4. erythema marginatum
5. subcutaneous nodules

17

What are the Jones minor criteria?

1. previous rheumatic fever
2. polyarthralgia
3. fever