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Flashcards in Last Minute Cards Updated Deck (25):
1

Divides body into front and back

Coronal plane

2

What are the other names for coronal plane

Frontal plane, AP (anterioposterior), frontal view

3

Divides body into right and left

Sagittal plane

4

What’s another name for sagittal view

Lateral view

5

Divides the body into top and bottom

Transverse plane

6

What’s another name for transverse plane

Axial view

7

What plane are the facets oriented in in the cervical spine

Axial

8

At what angle are the facets in the cervical spine titled

45 degrees

9

What plane are the facets oriented in in the thoracic spine

Frontal plane

10

What angle are the facets in the thoracic spine angled at

60 degrees

11

What plane are the facets oriented in in the lumbar spine

Sagittal

12

At what angle are the facets oriented in the lumbar spine

45 degrees

13

The orientation of the cervical facets allows for 3 things

Rotation
Lateral Bending
Flexion/Extension

14

The orientation of the facets in the thoracic Spine does what

Resists rotation and make the Spine rigid

15

The orientation of the facets in the lumbar spine resist what and allow for what 2 things

Resists rotation, allows lateral bending, flexion/extension

16

What two things do ligaments do

Connect bone to bone and prevent extremes of motion that could damage spinal cord

17

Three continuous ligaments

Supraspinous, ALL, PLL

18

Two segmental ligaments

Interspinous
Ligamentum flavum

19

What carries blood from heart and distributes to the body

Aorta

20

What exits the aorta at every spinal level

Segmental artery

21

What supplies vertebral body and spinal cord with blood

Segmental artery off aorta

22

What two blood vessels are found near cervical spine

Carotid artery and jugular vein

23

In the cervical spine, what branch off the aorta and travel through transverse foramen in cervical spine

Subclavian arteries

24

What arteries supply blood to base of brain

Subclavian arteries

25

Four things a surgeon can do to create a healing environment

Bony apposition (tight fit on bone graft)
Maximize surface area
Bloody pathway
Stable fixation