Flashcards in Lecture 18: Neighbourhoods Deck (65)
What are other measures of SEP in NZ?
Housing (eg tenure)
Culture (accepted patterns)
Population based services and facilities
Social capital (how connected are you?)
What are upstream examples that are implemented with level 1 and level 2?
Fluoridation of water
What is a green prescription?
A prescription given by a practitioner with cheap access to gyms etc
(So outer level = upstream)
(Implementation = downstream)
What is neighbourhood deprivation?
A way of measuring people's relative position in society
Measures material deprivation
Uses a deficit approach (what they don't have)
A state observable and demonstrable disadvantage relative to the local community or wider society or nation to which an individual, family or group belongs
What variables are included in the NZDEP
Communication (no internet)
Where are apparently the most deprived/least deprived neighbourhoods?
Most: northland, tairawhiti
Least: southern, Nelson-Marlborough
What is the correct use of NZ census data?
Planning and a Resource Allocation
What is the correct/ incorrect phrase describing neighbourhood deprivation?
Correct: "people living in the most deprived neighbourhoods"
Incorrect: "the most deprived people..."
Neighbourhood values cannot be ascribed to individual
Define ecological fallacy
The error that arises when information about groups of people is used to make inferences about individuals
Define a healthy environment
The physical, social or political setting that prevents disease while enhancing human health and wellbeing
Elements of a healthy environment?
Clean air and water
Access to wholesome food
Safe community spaces
Access to transport
Opportunities to incorporate exercise as a part of daily life
Definition of a built environment?
All the buildings, spaces and products that are created or at least significantly modified by people
Two categories of the built environment?
Structures (ie home schools, workplaces)
Urban designs (parks, business areas and roads)
Three subtypes of urban design?
Above ground: electric transmission lines
Below ground: waste disposal, subway trains
Across land: motorways, transportation network
How could the built environment be measured?
1. Urban density
2. Land-Use Mix
3. Street Connectivity
4. Community Resources
Define urban density
Define land-use mix
Residential, commercial, industrial, wasteland
Example of street connectivity
Lollipop neighbourhoods vs well connected streets
Define community resources
Access to recreational facilities or healthy foods
Examples of community resource accessibility (36 facilities representing 6 domains)
1. Recreational (eg parks)
2. Public transport
4. Shopping facilities
How does housing measure socioeconomic position?
Tenure (whether private or social rented) - is problematic as many houses are owned by family trusts
Conditions: overcrowding, insulation, damp, mould etc
What is the NZdep2913 communications variable?
What are the two income variables (NZ Dep2013)?
1. People age 18-64 receiving a means tested benefit
2. People living in equalised households with income below a threshold
What is the NZdep2013 employment variable?
People aged 18-64 unemployed
What is the NZDep2013 qualifications variable?
People aged 18-64 without any qualifications
What is the NZDep2013 variable owned home?
People not living at home
What is the NZdep2013 support variable?
What is the NZdep2013 living space variable?
People living in equivalised households below a bedroom occupancy threshold