Lecture 18: Neighbourhoods Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 18: Neighbourhoods Deck (65)
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1

What are other measures of SEP in NZ?

Housing (eg tenure)
Culture (accepted patterns)
Population based services and facilities
Social capital (how connected are you?)

2

What are upstream examples that are implemented with level 1 and level 2?

Fluoridation of water
Green prescription
Taxation

3

What is a green prescription?

A prescription given by a practitioner with cheap access to gyms etc

(So outer level = upstream)
(Implementation = downstream)

4

What is neighbourhood deprivation?

A way of measuring people's relative position in society
Measures material deprivation
Uses a deficit approach (what they don't have)

5

Define deprivation

A state observable and demonstrable disadvantage relative to the local community or wider society or nation to which an individual, family or group belongs

6

What variables are included in the NZDEP

Communication (no internet)
Income (x2)
Employment
Qualifications
Owned home
Support
Living space
Transport

7

Where are apparently the most deprived/least deprived neighbourhoods?

Most: northland, tairawhiti
Least: southern, Nelson-Marlborough

8

What is the correct use of NZ census data?

Planning and a Resource Allocation
Research
Advocacy

9

What is the correct/ incorrect phrase describing neighbourhood deprivation?

Correct: "people living in the most deprived neighbourhoods"
Incorrect: "the most deprived people..."

Neighbourhood values cannot be ascribed to individual

10

Define ecological fallacy

The error that arises when information about groups of people is used to make inferences about individuals

11

Define a healthy environment

The physical, social or political setting that prevents disease while enhancing human health and wellbeing

12

Elements of a healthy environment?

Clean air and water
Appropriate housing
Access to wholesome food
Safe community spaces
Access to transport
Opportunities to incorporate exercise as a part of daily life

13

Definition of a built environment?

All the buildings, spaces and products that are created or at least significantly modified by people

14

Two categories of the built environment?

Structures (ie home schools, workplaces)
Urban designs (parks, business areas and roads)

15

Three subtypes of urban design?

Above ground: electric transmission lines
Below ground: waste disposal, subway trains
Across land: motorways, transportation network

16

How could the built environment be measured?

1. Urban density
2. Land-Use Mix
3. Street Connectivity
4. Community Resources

17

Define urban density

Population/employment density

18

Define land-use mix

Residential, commercial, industrial, wasteland

19

Example of street connectivity

Lollipop neighbourhoods vs well connected streets

20

Define community resources

Access to recreational facilities or healthy foods

21

Examples of community resource accessibility (36 facilities representing 6 domains)

1. Recreational (eg parks)
2. Public transport
3. Educational
4. Shopping facilities
5. Health
6. Social

22

How does housing measure socioeconomic position?

Tenure (whether private or social rented) - is problematic as many houses are owned by family trusts
Conditions: overcrowding, insulation, damp, mould etc

23

What is the NZdep2913 communications variable?

People aged

24

What are the two income variables (NZ Dep2013)?

1. People age 18-64 receiving a means tested benefit
2. People living in equalised households with income below a threshold

25

What is the NZdep2013 employment variable?

People aged 18-64 unemployed

26

What is the NZDep2013 qualifications variable?

People aged 18-64 without any qualifications

27

What is the NZDep2013 variable owned home?

People not living at home

28

What is the NZdep2013 support variable?

People aged

29

What is the NZdep2013 living space variable?

People living in equivalised households below a bedroom occupancy threshold

30

What is the NZdep2013 transport variable?

People with no access to a car