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Flashcards in Leg Ulcers Deck (10)
1

Define "leg ulcer"

Any break in the skin of the lower leg, above the ankle, present for more than 4 weeks

2

The majority of leg ulcers are arterial in nature. True/False?

False
Majority are venous ulcers

3

List characteristics of a venous ulcer

Lipodermatosclerosis
Hyperpigmentation
Superficial, located near malleolus

4

ABPI is measured for ulcer patients. What are the normal limits for ABPI?

0.8-1.3

5

ABPI of less than 0.8 indicates what?

Vascular disease

6

ABPI of more than 1.5 indicates what?

Calcification

7

When would a wound swab of an ulcer be done?

If smelly/painful/exudative/enlarging

8

Name 2 de-sloughing agents

Hydrogel
Honey

9

What is the gold standard treatment for leg ulcers?

Compression bandaging + non-adherent dressing

10

Where do diabetic and arterial ulcers tend to present?

Feet
Pressure sites (heel)