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Flashcards in Lipids - Final - Kailey Deck (45)
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31

Why is ONOO- bad

it can fragment DNA

32

What transports lipids?

Chylomicrons
LDL
HDL
VLDL

33

Chylomicrons contain mostly _________

Triglycerides

34

VLDL contains mostly __________

Triglycerides

35

HDL contains Mostly ______

Protein

36

LDL contains Mostly _______

Cholesterol

37

What Apoproteins are found on HDL? What are their functions?

ApoA-1 - Activates LCAT to pick up free cholesterol
ApoE - LDL recept ligand (Binds to LDL receptor)

38

What Apoproteins are found on LDL? What are their functions

ApoB-100 - LDL receptor Ligans (binds to LDL receptor)

39

What Apoproteins are found on Chylomicrons? What are their functions?

ApoC-2 - induce Lipoprotein Lipase (break down TG to Glycerol on FA)

40

What Apoproteins are found on VLDL? What are their Functions

ApoC-2 - Induce Lipoprotein Lipase (break down TG to Glycerol and FA)

41

What happens in Lipolysis

1) Use ATL (Adipose Triglyceride Lipase) to durn a TG into a DG (rate Limiting step)

2) Use HSL (hormone sensitive Lipase) to turn DG into a MG

3) Use MGL (Monoglyceride Lipase) to run MG into Glycerol

42

What enzyme do you use to break down a TG in to a DG

ATL (Adipose Triglyceride Lipase)

43

What enzyme do you use to break down a DG into a MG

HSL (Hormone sensitive Lipase)

44

What enzyme do you use to break down an MG into a Glycerol

MGL (Monoglyceride Lipase)

45

Which enzymes activate Lipoprotein Lipase?

ApoC-2 found on Chylomicrons and VLDL